Efficacy and Safety oF FErric CarboxymalTose in Patients With Advanced Gastric Cancer(EFFECT-AGC)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Nov 30, 2024
  • participants needed
    330
  • sponsor
    Asan Medical Center
Updated on 23 May 2022

Summary

The main objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of IV FCM(ferric carboxymaltose) in patients with AGC receiving palliative chemotherapy. This study will also evaluate the effect of IV FCM on the treatment outcomes of palliative chemotherapy in patients with gastric cancer receiving fluoropyrimidine and platinum-based regimen in the same 1st-line palliative setting.

Description

Gastric cancer is associated with chronic blood loss, poor nutrition, and surgical interventions interfering with iron absorption, all of which synergistically increase the risk of iron-deficiency anemia (IDA). A retrospective review of gastric cancer reported that at the time of gastric cancer diagnosis, the prevalence of anemia was 58.7% and the overall prevalence of IDA was 40%. Moreover, patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer are treated with myelosuppressive chemotherapies, which further increases the risk for anemia.

The absorption of oral iron in gastric cancer patients is limited due to malabsorption, ongoing gastrointestinal bleeding, and lack of adherence to treatment due to dyspepsia, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and constipation. Therefore, IV iron may be preferable due to easy administration, effective iron absorption, and infrequent complications in gastric cancer patients.

• There are a number of IV iron formulations in the market; the recommended IV iron preparations are low-molecular-weight iron dextran, ferric gluconate, iron sucrose, ferric carboxymaltose (FCM), and ferumoxytol. FCM (FerinjectTM; Vifor Pharma, Glattbrugg, Switzerland) is a stable colloidal solution of nanoparticles which consist of a polynuclear iron (III)-(oxyhydr)oxide core stabilized by carboxymaltose, which allows slow and prolonged iron release, and is given as a single high-dose (1,000 mg of iron) in a 15-minute infusion. Based on extensive experience in clinical trial and real-world settings, IV FCM is an effective and generally well tolerated treatment for rapidly replenishing iron stores and correcting anemia in patients with ID or IDA of various etiologies.

FCM was effective in patients with active malignancy and IDA (n=420), and hematological malignancies or solid tumors and anemia (n=367) in two real-world, noninterventional studies conducted in Germany and France. Recently, two prospective studies conducted in South Korea have reported a significant increase in Hb levels by treatment with IV FCM in patients with solid cancers (including gastric cancer) receiving chemotherapy and in patients with acute isovolemic anemia following gastrectomy.

Therefore, the main objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of IV FCM in patients with AGC receiving palliative chemotherapy. This study will also evaluate the effect of IV FCM on the treatment outcomes of palliative chemotherapy in patients with gastric cancer receiving fluoropyrimidine and platinum-based regimen in the same 1st-line palliative setting.

Details
Condition Advanced Gastric Carcinoma
Treatment Conservative management, Ferinject
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05226169
SponsorAsan Medical Center
Last Modified on23 May 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Age ≥ 19 years at the time of study registration
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status ≤ 2
Histologically or cytologically confirmed gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma
Locally advanced unresectable or metastatic disease
Patients who have not been treated with palliative systemic antitumor agents for advanced or recurrent gastric or GEJ adenocarcinoma
Patients scheduled to receive palliative first-line fluoropyrimidine and platinum-based systemic therapy including targeted therapy or immunotherapy
Life expectancy ≥24 weeks
IDA
Hb 8 to <11 g/dL
Absolute ID (serum ferritin < 100 ng/mL) OR functional ID (TSAT < 50% and serum ferritin 100-500 ng/mL)
TSAT = (serum iron level x 100)/ total iron-binding capacity (TIBC)

Exclusion Criteria

Body weight < 35 kg
Immediate need for transfusion or Hb < 8 g/dL
Possible functional ID or No ID (serum ferritin > 500 ng/mL OR TSAT ≥ 50%)
Anemia attributable to factors other than cancer or chemotherapy (e.g., vitamin B12 and/or serum folate deficiency; hemolysis; or myelodysplastic syndromes)
Ongoing bleeding or overt gross active bleeding (e.g., hematemesis, melena, or hematochezia)
Neoplastic bone marrow infiltration
History of ESA, IV or oral iron therapy, and/or RBC transfusion 4 weeks prior to randomization
Iron overload or disturbances in utilization of iron (e.g., personal or family history of hemochromatosis and hemosiderosis)
Known hypersensitivity to any of the required study products or known serious hypersensitivity to other parenteral iron products
Known severe allergies including drug allergies, history of severe asthma, eczema or other atopic allergies, and in subjects with immune or inflammatory conditions (e.g., systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis)
Decreased renal function including renal dialysis (previous, current or planned within the next 6 months,) or serum creatinine levels ≥ 2.0 mg/dL, or estimated glomerular filtration rate < 30 mL/min/1.73 m2
Chronic liver disease (including active hepatitis) and/or aspartate transaminase (AST) or alanine transaminase (ALT) ≥ 3 times the upper limit of the normal range
Active acute or chronic infections (assessed by clinical judgment)
Other significant medical condition(s) in the opinion of the investigator with an anticipated need for major surgery during the study, or any other kind of disorder that may be associated with increased risk to the subject or may interfere with study assessments, outcomes (e.g., uncontrolled hypertension, active cardiac disease, thromboembolic disease, or uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, neurological or psychiatric disorders)
Pregnancy (e.g., positive human chorionic gonadotropin test) or breast-feeding. If the subject is of childbearing potential and does, not use adequate contraceptive precautions. The subject must agree to use adequate contraception during the study and for 1 month after the last dose of study treatment. A highly effective method of birth control must be used
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