Effect of EMG Biofeedback in Female Patients With Stress Urinary Incontinence (1)

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    Kirsehir Ahi Evran Universitesi
Updated on 30 May 2022


The aim of this randomized controlled study was to compare the EMG biofeedback method with pelvic floor muscle (PTC) exercises and Sham EMG biofeedback group in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) on pelvic floor muscle strength, trunk endurance, subjective perception of improvement, severity of complaints, pad test and quality of life. to determine its effectiveness.


Urogynecological complaints have medical and social aspects that negatively affect quality of life.

are problems. depression, anxiety, low productivity at work, social isolation and associated with sexual dysfunction. Urinary incontinence (UI), which has serious negative effects on people's quality of life, psychological state and physical health, and especially affects older women, stands out as an important public health problem with the prolongation of the average life expectancy. The two most common types of UI in women are stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and urge urinary incontinence (UI). While SUI is the involuntary leakage of urine typically during coughing, sneezing and other physical activities; UUI is defined as urinary incontinence associated with urgency with a sudden and forced need to urinate. The simultaneous presence of SUI and UUI symptoms is defined as mixed urinary incontinence (MUI). Treatment options of SUI, which are divided into conservative and surgical treatment, are conservative treatment options; behavioral therapy (changing lifestyle and dietary habits and bladder training) and PTC rehabilitation (PTK exercises, biofeedback, electrical stimulation, electromagnetic stimulation, neuromodulation and vaginal issues). With PTK exercises, it is aimed to work the levator ani muscle group. These exercises are described as contractions and relaxation periods lasting 10 seconds. It is recommended to be applied in 3 different positions while lying, sitting and standing. Increasing the number of contractions gradually and reaching 60 repetitions per day is targeted in the treatment (1).

One of the ways to teach PTK exercises is "biofeedback" (BF). This method provides visual and auditory feedback while teaching the correct contraction of the muscles (2). Since it is an active method, it is thought that the increase in PTK power is higher. Superficial or internal electrodes can be used (3). The investigators will use surface electrodes in our project. In a recent meta-analysis in the literature (4); In the current meta-analysis on the effectiveness of EMG biofeedback in patients with SUI, it was reported that pelvic floor muscle training combined with EMG-BF achieved better results than pelvic floor muscle training alone in the management of SUI, but randomized studies are still needed to confirm the results.

To determine the effectiveness of EMG biofeedback method on pelvic floor muscle strength, severity of complaints, pad test and quality of life in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) by comparing them with pelvic floor muscle (PTK) exercises and Sham EMG biofeedback group.

In our project, the investigators will be able to determine whether the EMG biofeedback exercise performed with the device is really superior to the exercise performed by the patient himself, using the Sham group. Thus, the results of our project; It will provide scientific data for teaching patients about pelvic floor muscle training in the clinic and for use in urinary rehabilitation of SUI patients.

Condition Stress Urinary Incontinence
Treatment EMG biofeedback program:, Sham EMG biofeededback:, Pelvic floor muscle training home exercise program:
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05366426
SponsorKirsehir Ahi Evran Universitesi
Last Modified on30 May 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

30-65 years old women clinical diagnoses of Urinary Incontinence 2. Clinical diagnoses of
Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI) or Mixt Urinary Incontinence (MUI) with a dominant Stress
Urinary Incontinence component 3.Must be have not received treatment with any physical
therapy modality in the last 3 months 4.Must be urinary incontinence severity of at least 5
points on Visual Analog Scale 5.Must be able to signed the informed consent form

Exclusion Criteria

Severe systemic disease that prevents exercise (Cardiovascular disease, COPD, CVO
and/or cancer)
Pure urge or MUI with a dominant urge component
Plan to change or change medical treatment within the last 3 months due to UUI
Visual, auditory, or cognitive deficits that are not suitable for treatment
High-intensity sports activities for at least half an hour, at least 2 times a week
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