A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Multi-Center Study to Evaluate the Efficacy of ManNAc in Subjects With GNE Myopathy (MAGiNE)

  • End date
    Jul 15, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Leadiant Biosciences, Inc.
Updated on 25 October 2022


GNE myopathy is a rare genetic muscle disease characterized by progressive muscle atrophy and weakness. The disease is caused by mutations in the gene that encodes the enzyme that initiates and regulates N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) biosynthesis and glycan sialylation. Currently, there is no therapy available for this disease. N-Acetylmannosamine (ManNAc), an orphan drug in development for GNE myopathy, is an uncharged monosaccharide and the first committed precursor in Neu5Ac biosynthesis. In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial the efficacy and long-term safety of ManNAc will be evaluated in subjects with GNE myopathy.


This is a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, multi-center study to evaluate the long-term safety and clinical efficacy of ManNAc in subjects with GNE myopathy.

A total of 51 eligible subjects will be randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive either ManNAc at 4 g three times daily (total of 12 g/day) or placebo. Subjects will have follow-up visits every 6 months (±7 days) and take study drug for a minimum of 24 months, until their final study visit . The final on-site study visit for a subject is the last expected 6-month follow-up visit that occurs prior to the time the last randomized subject is expected to reach 24 months (extended follow-up).

Subjects will undergo screening and baseline evaluations that include clinical laboratory tests, Quantitative Muscle Assessment (QMA), the Inclusion Body Functional Myositis Rating Scale (IBMFRS), and other patient-reported outcomes (PROs), and rehabilitation medicine functional assessments. Follow-up evaluations will occur every six months following baseline, until 24 months after randomization of the last subject. Phone follow-up will occur every month without a clinic visit for the duration of the trial, and the last visit for each subject will be followed by phone follow-up 1 month after the final study visit.

Condition GNE Myopathy
Treatment Placebo, ManNAc
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04231266
SponsorLeadiant Biosciences, Inc.
Last Modified on25 October 2022


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Inclusion Criteria

Subject should be 18-70 years of age at the time of enrollment, inclusive, and of either gender
Subject has a diagnosis of GNE myopathy based upon a consistent clinical course and biallelic GNE gene mutations that classify as pathogenic or likely pathogenic according to American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) guidelines
Subjects must have 10-65% of predicted muscle strength measured by QMA at screening in at least one of the selected muscle groups (ankle dorsiflexion, knee flexion, grip, shoulder abduction and elbow flexion)
Subject has the ability to travel to the Clinical Trial Site for visits
Subjects must be able to communicate effectively with study staff and understand the requirements of the protocol without translators
Subject must be able to comply with requirements of the protocol, including blood collection, drug administration, and muscle strength assessments
Women of childbearing potential must be willing to use an effective method of contraception for the duration of the trial. It is recommended that male subjects follow birth control measures for the duration of the trial
Subject must be able to provide informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

Subject had an infection or medical illness requiring intravenous antibiotics or hospitalization within 30 days prior to the baseline/randomization visit
Subject has another comorbid condition which may affect physical function
Subject has a psychiatric illness or neurological disease that would interfere with the ability to comply with the requirements of this protocol
Subject with hepatic laboratory parameters (AST, ALT, GGTP), equal to or greater than 3 times the upper limit of normal at screening
Subject with existing renal dysfunction, as defined by glomerular filtration rate (GFR) less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 at screening
Subject is anemic (defined as Hematocrit <30%) or has platelets <75 x 10^3/µL or white blood cell count less than 3 x 10^3/µL at screening
Subject shows evidence of clinically significant cardiovascular, pulmonary, hepatic, renal, hematological, metabolic, or gastrointestinal disease, or has a condition that requires immediate surgical intervention
Subject is pregnant or breastfeeding at any time during the study
Subject has received treatment with another investigational drug, investigational device, or approved therapy for investigational use less than 90 days prior to screening
Subject has received any dose of ManNAc, sialic acid, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), and/or other compounds containing, or that can be metabolized into sialic acid, within 6 months prior to enrollment as reported by subject at the time of screening
Subject has received stem cell therapy or gene therapy within 1 year prior to screening
Subject has hypersensitivity to ManNAc or erythritol or in the judgment of the investigator, has a condition that places the subject at increased risk for adverse effects
The presence of persistent diarrhea or malabsorption that could interfere with the subject's ability to absorb drugs or to tolerate ManNAc therapy
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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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