Integration of Health Coaching and Diabetes Education in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Management at Primary Health Care

  • End date
    Jun 2, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Indonesia University
Updated on 2 May 2022
chronic disease
type 2 diabetes mellitus


Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease with increasing incidence globally. It needs a comprehensive and continuous management approach that includes five pillars: education, nutritional management, physical activity, pharmacological treatment, and monitoring. To achieve good glycemic control, prevention of complications, and good quality of life as diabetes management goals, patients' capability to properly navigate diabetes management is a key. One evidence-based model to empower patients' self-management abilities is diabetes education and health coaching. Diabetes management at primary health care needs special concern since they play an important role in initial and continuing care for diabetes patients in the community. Therefore, the implementation of diabetes education and health coaching in primary health care is expected to improve the self-management abilities of people with diabetes


A randomized control trial, pre and post study involving 180 subjects randomized into 2 arms:

  • Control : received education in group
  • Intervention : received education group + personal health coaching Education group divided into 6 session, which for each session consist of 2 different topics and lasts for 60 minutes.

Health coaching was given by a coach, a healthcare professional who undergo training to become a coach. Health coaching delivered as face to face between subjects and coach.

Laboratory examination, anthropometric measurement, echocardiography, electrocardiography, Heart Rate Variability measurement, diabetic eye screening, and questionnaire collected at baseline, 3 and 6 months after intervention

Condition Type2 Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Endocrine System Diseases, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases, Glucose Metabolism Disorders (Including Diabetes Mellitus), Diabetes Mellitus
Treatment Personal Health Coaching and Diabetes Education in Group
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05090488
SponsorIndonesia University
Last Modified on2 May 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
>= 18 years old
Willing to follow the research by signing an informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

Patients with cognitive disease (such as dementia)
Patients with hearing or sight problem
Unable to live independently on daily basis
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