B Cell Tailored Ocrelizumab Versus Standard Ocrelizumab in Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (BLOOMS)

  • End date
    Mar 11, 2026
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Amsterdam UMC, location VUmc
Updated on 11 May 2022


Rationale: B-cell depleting therapies like ocrelizumab are very effective in the treatment of relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). As B cell repopulation varies extensively between individuals (ranging from 27-175 weeks), using a treatment scheme with a fixed infusion interval may be suboptimal. So far personalized adapted treatment of ocrelizumab in RRMS has not been studied in a prospective setting.

Objective: Evaluating the efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness of ocrelizumab when administered in personalized B cell tailored intervals in RRMS patients.

Study design: This is a national multicenter randomized controlled trial with 96 week follow-up.

Study population: The study population consists of 296 adult RRMS patients who have received ocrelizumab treatment for a minimum of 12 months (2x 300 mg infusion and 1x 600mg infusion).

Intervention: Patients will be randomized into the standard interval group (600 mg infusions every 24 weeks) or the personalized interval group in which the infusions will be extended as long as the serum CD19 B cell count is below 10 CD19 cells/µL, determined every 4 weeks.

Main study parameters: To conclude non-inferiority of personalized B cell tailored ocrelizumab there will be two co-primary endpoints: 1. the difference of percentage of confirmed relapse-free patients between the two groups after 96 weeks and 2. the difference of percentage of patients free from new/enlarging T2 lesions on MRI between the two groups after 96 weeks. Secondary study parameters are number of confirmed relapses, annualized relapse rate, number of new T2 lesions and brain atrophy on MRI, disability progression, no evidence of disease activity (NEDA), MS disease biomarkers (serum neurofilament light), quality of life, burden of treatment, immunoglobulin levels and (serious) adverse events including occurrence of infections and COVID-19. Furthermore, various immune cell subsets will be studied in relation to ocrelizumab concentration in a subgroup.

Nature and extent of the burden and risks: All patients will be subjected to visits every 24 weeks including clinical scoring and questionnaires. Blood samples and MRI scans will be taken and performed every 48 weeks. Continuous assessment of key stroke dynamics on the patients smartphone and monthly digital cognitive test and walk test will be performed in most patients. As CD19 B cells are kept near complete depletion, the estimated risk of recurrence of disease activity is very low.

Condition Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting
Treatment Ocrelizumab
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05296161
SponsorAmsterdam UMC, location VUmc
Last Modified on11 May 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

A current diagnosis of relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis according to the 2017 McDonald criteria34
EDSS score of 0 to 6.5
Treatment with ocrelizumab for a minimum of 48 weeks (two 300 mg infusions and one 600 mg infusion)

Exclusion Criteria

Previous treatment with alemtuzumab, cladribine or stem cell transplantation
Relapse in the past 3 months prior to inclusion
Subsequent treatment with another DMT next to ocrelizumab in the past 6 months prior to inclusion
Inability to undergo regular MRI scanning
Women who are pregnant or expect to become pregnant during the study period
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