Efficacy and Safety of Low-dose Ibrutinib and Itraconazole in Chronic Graft Versus Host Disease

  • End date
    Aug 1, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Hospital Universitario Dr. Jose E. Gonzalez
Updated on 9 May 2022


Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) affects 30 to 70% of Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, decreases the quality of life, and increases mortality. First-line treatments for cGVHD are steroids, however, up to 50% of patients do not respond to treatment. There is no well-defined second-line treatment for cGVHD, but ibrutinib, a Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has been successfully used in phase 2 clinical trials for moderate to severe steroid-refractory cGVHD and has been shown to be safe, showing rates of response of 69% at a median follow-up of 26 months. Therefore, ibrutinib was approved by the FDA for the treatment of steroid-refractory cGVHD. Also, it is known that ibrutinib is metabolized by cytochrome isoenzyme 3A4 and that itraconazole is a potent inhibitor of this hepatic isoenzyme. Therefore, the investigators hypothesized that in subjects with newly diagnosed cGVHD and in patients with steroid-refractory cGVHD, low-dose ibrutinib in combination with itraconazole might be effective and safe.


In this phase 2 clinical trial, patients with newly diagnosed cGVHD and refractory cGVHD will receive low-dose ibrutinib (140mg/day) combined with a cytochrome 3A4 inhibitor (itraconazole, 100mg BID) for six months. The follow-up consists of weekly visits for the first months and then monthly for six months. The investigators will address clinical and biochemical parameters in each visit and grade severity using the NIH (2014) scale. Also, patients will answer the modified Lee symptom scale, and grade response to treatment using the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Consensus Panel Chronic GVHD Activity Assessment (2014). The investigators will grade adverse events with the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [v5.0]. The investigators will report proportion and time to any response, complete response, partial response, stable disease, and progression. Also, the investigators will report the proportion of patients that interrupted steroids for at least one month, the proportion of patients that interrupted every immunosuppressive therapy for at least one month, and the proportion of patients that interrupted ibrutinib specifying the cause of the interruption.

Condition Chronic Graft-versus-host-disease
Treatment Low-dose ibrutinib
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05348096
SponsorHospital Universitario Dr. Jose E. Gonzalez
Last Modified on9 May 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Age (>18 years)
Any type of peripheral blood stem cell transplant (matched-related, match non-related, and haplo)
Any conditioning regimen
Newly diagnosed moderate to severe chronic graft versus host disease
Steroid refractory moderate to severe chronic graft versus host disease defined as progression with prednisone 1mg/kg/day, or stable disease after four to six weeks of prednisone >0.5 mg/kg/day, or disease progression when reducing prednisone below <0.5 mg/kg/día. 5. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) <= 2

Exclusion Criteria

Disease relapse (excluding positive minimal residual disease)
Secondary malignancies
Disease progression
Use of B lymphocyte cytotoxics in the last month (i.e., rituximab, bortezomib)
Advance stages of heart failure (NYHA III o IV)
Ventricular arrhythmias
Uncontrolled hypertension
Ischemic heart diseases such as unstable angina or stable angina in the last six months
Hepatitis B or C
Hypersensitivity to ibrutinib
Active bleeding
Uncontrolled acute infection
Hepatopathy Child-Pugh C
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