Precision Opioid Care After Cesarean Delivery (PRECISE-CD) (PRECISE-CD)

  • End date
    Jun 1, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Grace Lim, MD, MS
Updated on 28 April 2022


The purpose of this research is to study serious clinical problems from both surgical pain and oxycodone and opioid use in women having a Cesarean Delivery to improve the safety and efficacy of surgical pain relief. This research will ultimately improve the safety and efficacy of surgical pain relief with opioids by preoperative risk predictions and personalized care with the right dose of the right analgesic for each patient.


The overall objective is to determine the impact of risk factors on oxycodone and other opioid's adverse postoperative outcomes and to personalize dosing in women having a Cesarean Delivery. For the purpose of this study, immediate adverse postoperative outcomes are characterized as Respiratory Depression (RD), Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV), and inadequate surgical pain relief. Long-term adverse postoperative outcomes are characterized as Chronic Persistent Surgical Pain (CPSP) and Opioid Dependence (OD).

The central hypothesis is that specific genetic factors in pain-opioid pathways significantly impact oxycodone and opioid dosing, analgesia, immediate adverse effects (RD and PONV), and long-term adverse outcomes (CPSP and OD) along with known non-genetic risk factors.

The aims of this project are to validate genetic variants and to develop a test for preoperative risk prediction in lactating mothers and breastfed babies following cesarean delivery (CD). There is an urgent and unmet critical need for reliable technology to improve safety and effectiveness of opioid use in special populations.

Aim 1. Validate and identify genetic risk factors associated with postoperative opioid adverse effects, PONV and RD in adult nursing mothers following CD.

Investigators hypothesize that with standardized and genotype-blinded perioperative care, specific variants will identify nursing mothers at risk for opioid-induced RD and PONV (primary outcome), OD and severe pain following CD. In addition, genetic variants will identify risk for opioid-induced sedation and adverse effects in breastfed infants. In addition to clinical outcomes, the investigators will collect post-CD cost of care including length of stay.

Aim 2. Develop a laboratory-developed test (LDT) at University of Pittsburgh Genome Center (UGC) for preoperative genetic risk prediction and decision support for surgical patients to prevent adverse opioid outcomes. Investigators will develop a minimum viable product (MVP) (CPT code: 81227), a refined multi-gene panel in UGC's CLIA certified laboratory with a robust combinatorial pharmacogenetic decision support to personalize surgical analgesia with precise opioid use in children and adults, and to prevent RD, PONV, CPSP and OD.

Condition Cesarean Section Complications, Opioid Use
Treatment Oxycodone
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05280743
SponsorGrace Lim, MD, MS
Last Modified on28 April 2022


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Inclusion Criteria

Pregnant Adult women (>18 y) and their infants
All races
ASA physical status 2 to 3
Cesarean delivery at UPMC Magee
Planned breast feeding mothers and their infants

Exclusion Criteria

Serious illnesses or condition of either mother or infant precluding ability to participate in study procedures
Multiple gestation pregnancies
Preoperative severe pain and opioid use/misuse
Allergy to oxycodone
Women with opioid use disorder
Any known condition that anticipates neonatal observation in NICU immediately after birth
General anesthesia anticipated or converted intraoperatively
Expected non-viable current gestation or serious neonatal health comorbidities anticipated prior to delivery
Severe neurological disorder: any known untreated or uncontrolled seizure disorder, pre-eclampsia with severe features, pre-eclampsia requiring magnesium, elevated ICP other than benign intracranial hypertension condition, or conditions at the discretion of PI
Liver disease: any known abnormal live function tests, or conditions at the discretion of PI
Renal diseases: any chronic or acute renal insufficiency, or pre-eclampsia diagnosis with abnormal renal function i.e.: severe features, or conditions at the discretion of PI
Contraindications to neuraxial anesthesia, neuraxial morphine, acetaminophen, or NSAIDs which are standard parts of post-cesarean multimodal analgesia
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