Use of a Live Attenuated Vaccine as an Immune-based Preventive Against COVID-19-associated Sepsis

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    150
  • sponsor
    Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center in New Orleans
Updated on 8 August 2022
sepsis
leukocyte count
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

The objective of this randomized clinical trial is to test whether administration of live attenuated MMR vaccine (measles mumps rubella; Merck) to eligible adults at highest risk for contracting COVID-19 (healthcare workers, first responders), can induce non-specific trained innate immune leukocytes that can prevent/dampen pathological inflammation and sepsis associated with COVID-19-infection, if exposed.

Description

Clinical Design. Eligible healthcare workers (HCW) or first responders in the greater New Orleans area (n=60) meeting eligibility criteria will be enrolled into a 12 month study by the Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center Clinical & Translational Research Center (LSUHSC CTRC) clinical staff affiliated with the Louisiana Clinical and Translational Research Science (LA CaTS) Center and blindly randomized to receive the live attenuated M-M-R® II vaccine or placebo (sterile saline) via subcutaneous injection in the arm at a baseline visit following informed consent. Subjects will be recruited from local hospitals and EMS stations throughout the greater New Orleans area by distributing recruitment flyers at the local facilities. The flyers will have contact information for HCWs and EMS first responders to call for more information or to schedule an appointment. Additionally, subjects may be referred to the study by other HCWs or first responders aware of study activities. Subject consenting, interviewing, vaccine administration and biospecimen collection will be performed by the CTRC staff, under full Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) protection. Following informed consent, subjects will be asked to complete the Baseline Demographic & History Questionnaire disclosing their demographic information, employment, medication, vaccination, and medical history. Specifically, the medical history will place emphasis on the presence of diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, and their treatments/medications. Subjects will then have their height, weight, body mass index (BMI), vital signs, and pulse oximetry measured. Subjects will also have their body composition and fat percentage measured using the BOD POD Body Composition Tracking System. Female subjects of childbearing potential will be given a urine-based pregnancy test. Approximately 10cc of blood will be collected along with a nasopharyngeal swab for baseline laboratory analysees (serology, RNA, flow cytometry). When available, a finger prick blood sample will be obtained in addition to the other biospecimens for COVID-19 serological analysis. Those subjects that satisfy the inclusion and exclusion criteria (Eligibility Criteria) will be blindly randomized to receive the live attenuated M-M-R® II vaccine or placebo (sterile saline) via subcutaneous injection. Repeat biosampling will occur on days 14, 30, 60, and at 12 months post-vaccination. At each follow-up, anthropometric measurements, vital signs measurement, and symptom assessment for the presence of symptoms related to COVID-19 infection (fever, headache, myalgia, cough, loss of taste or smell, breathing problems), general well-being (i.e., pain, dental concerns, sleep patterns, general stress level, fatigue), and any changes in medications, medical status, and employment will be collected utilizing the Follow-up Symptom & History Questionnaire. Telephone follow-up calls utilizing the Follow-up Symptom Assessment & History Questionnaire will be made on a monthly basis between the 60-day follow-up visit and the 12-month endpoint visit. Should a subject develop symptoms potentially associated with COVID-19 infection at any point during the 12-month study period, that subject will be seen in the clinic by the Infectious Disease (ID) Co-investigator, and a repeat collection of blood and nasopharyngeal biospecimens will be performed for analysis, and the subject will be asked to complete the Follow-up Symptom & History Questionnaire and get another body composition analysis via BOD POD. Subjects will be asked to report the development of any potential COVID-19 infection-related symptoms or positive COVID-19 infection testing outside of the study, as well as any symptoms potentially related to MMR vaccination. Should a subject become admitted to the hospital related to COVID-19 infection, in-patient information will be obtained via the electronic medical record (EMR) when available.

Primary outcome measures will be peripheral blood monocytic MDSCs (M-MDSC) and/or granulocytic MDSCs (G-MDSC) determined by flow cytometry from whole blood samples. Specifically, documented increases in the MDSCs per subject from baseline through 30-60 days post-vaccination is expected in the MMR group compared to placebo group. Measles antibody are also expected to increase in the MMR group and will serve as a control for the MMR vaccination. Stationary levels of MDSCs and measles antibodies are expected in the MMR group over the 12-month period.

The investigators will perform the COVID-19 RNA testing at baseline, 14, 30, and 60 days post-vaccination, and at any point over the 12-month period that symptoms arise. All patients that are COVID-19+ at baseline or become COVID-19+ through the study will be included for secondary outcome analyses. The Secondary outcome measures will be COVID-19 antibodies (seropositive) as evidence of infection, sepsis/lung inflammation, ICU/ventilator usage, in-patient health related co-morbidities and self-reporting mental status (such as general fatigue/stress level) over the 12-month period post-vaccination. In-patient information will be obtained through the EMR when available. Out-patient information will be obtained via self-reporting utilizing the Follow-up Symptom & History Questionnaire.

Details
Condition Sepsis Syndrome
Treatment MMR vaccine
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04475081
SponsorLouisiana State University Health Sciences Center in New Orleans
Last Modified on8 August 2022

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