Addition of Probenecid to Penicillin-V Therapy (ADDPROPEN)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    50
  • sponsor
    Imperial College London
Updated on 30 November 2022
antibiotics
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

This study aims to build on previous work characterising the PK of penicillin-V to explore the potential impact of probenecid on PK-PD target attainment. Achievement of the aims of this study would provide data to support the design of experimental studies exploring the clinical impact of probenecid on treatment outcomes and also provide a rationale for exploration of probenecid's effects on a larger number of beta-lactam antibiotics.

Hypothesis: Addition of probenecid to oral phenoxymethylpenicillin (penicillin-V) has a clinically relevant effect on pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) target attainment.

Description

Participants will be screened and consented to attend Imperial College Clinical Research Facility (CRF) at Hammersmith Hospital on two study visits, at least 7 days apart. For one visit (randomised), participants will be required to take penicillin-V only. For their other visit, they will take penicillin-V plus probenecid at standard recommended dose. Prior to the study visits, participants may be required to have taken 36-hours of penicillin +/- probenecid, documenting this in a dosing diary. On arrival at the CRF, the participant will take an observed dose of penicillin +/- probenecid. They will undergo blood draw via needle phlebotomy or a cannula (participant choice) at 45 and 180 minutes post the observed. Samples will be spun down and frozen at -80oC. They will subsequently be analysed using an in-house HPLC-MS/MS methodology to determine total and free-unbound drug concentration.

For analysis, data from this study will be pooled with rich PK data from a prior study that assessed plasma concertation of penicillin-V in healthy volunteers. Pmetrics in R will be used to model the data looking to explore the effect of probenecid on clearance of free-penicillin-V. Probability of target attainment for streptococci species will also be estimated to evaluate the potential clinical impact of the addition of probenecid to routine penicillin-V use. Rich PK data for intravenous benzylpenicillin will be used to estimate PK-PD target attainment and PTAs for intravenous formulations, allowing direct comparison of oral and IV regimes.

Details
Condition Infection, Bacterial
Treatment Probenecid
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05082909
SponsorImperial College London
Last Modified on30 November 2022

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