Novel Nanofat Regenerative Surgical Technique for Peyronies' Disease Treatment (IPPNANOFAT)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    35
  • sponsor
    University of Roma La Sapienza
Updated on 6 October 2022

Summary

Peyronies' disease (PD) is an acquired connective tissue disorder characterized with the growth of fibrous and/or calcified plaques in the tunica albuginea of the penis.

The pathogenesis is still unclear, but the most accepted hypothesis is that in genetically prone individuals, trauma or repetitive microtraumas to the erect penis causes inflammation, and consequent growth of fibrous tissue due to degradation of the elastic fibers and fibrin deposition.

The fibrous plaques in the tunica albuginea of the penis causes typical signs and symptoms: penile abnormal curvature, penile pain, erectile dysfunction, indentation, loss of girth, shortening of the penis, with significant distress experience and psychological bother.

A lot of treatement have been proposed to date but with unsatisfactory results and the surgery results the definitive treatement but with possible risks.

Autologous fat grafting was first described by Neuber in 1893 and since then it has developed over the next century. The initial goal of fat grafting was to treat volume losses created by disease or trauma. Further studies done by Zuk et al. in 2001 showed that lipoaspirate contains multipotent adipose stem cells (ADSCs) like in the bone marrow, thereby expanding opportunities in multiple fields. ADSCs have emerged as a key element of regenerative medicine surgery due to their ability to differentiate into a variety of different cell lineages. Moreover, their capacity of paracrine secretion of a broad selection of cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors make them highly clinically attractive. More specific, of particular interest are the anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory, proangiogenic, immunomodulatory, and anti-scarring effects that have been demonstrated for ADSCs, which effects on wound healing, soft-tissue restoration and scar remodelling.

Nanofat firstly introduced by Tonnard in 2013, is an ultra-purified adipose tissue-derived product that is devoid of mature adipocytes but rich in ADSCs and with regenerative properties.

The aim of the study is to investigate the use of nanofat grafting in the treatement of PD.

Description

The etiology of PD remains uncertain, but is well accepted that there is a chronic inflammation of tunica albuginea and this reflect perturbations in normal wound healing and aberrant deposition of extracellular matrix components in the soft tissue of the penis.

There appears to be significant pathophysiologic and genetic overlap of PD with other superficial fibrosing disorders such as Dupuytren disease (palmar fibromatosis) and Ledderhose disease (plantar fibromatosis) but not with more diffuse conditions such as systemic sclerosis. Since PD was discovered, a lot of treatment were proposed. In the acute stage of PD treatments aim to alleviate penile pain and minimise disease progression and treatement attempts to mitigate inflammation: oral, intralesional injection, topical treatement were used but with few non significant results.

In the chronic phase, surgical treatments aims to correct the curvature but with not a few negative implications include penile shortening, erectile dysfunction, glans hypoaesthesia, residual or recurrent curvature and palpable or uncomfortable suture knots below the skin.

Recent findings on scar biology explain some factors that influence pro-fibrotic pathways. Preventions and treatment strategies mainly focus on reducing inflammation and hypoxia. Emerging therapies shows that Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have immunomodulatory and antifibrotic effects by secreting paracrine growth factors.

Zuk et al. in 2001 and 2002 showed that lipoaspirate contains multipotent adipose stem cells (ADSCs) population comparable to that isolated from the bone marrow. Because of its availability and accessibility, white adipose tissue is considered a "stem cell depot." Nanofat grafting technique firstly reported by Tonnard is an ultra-purified adipose tissue-derived product that is devoid of mature adipocytes but contains rich in ADSCs, microvascular fragments, growth factors [vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)], biological peptides [lipoxins, resolvins, protectins, neurotrophic factors, angiogenin, matrix metalloproteinase, leukemia inhibitory factor, and macrophage migration inhibitory factor], and cytokines . It is a liquefied, autologous injectable product with the property of biological integration with adjacent cells and tissues due to its homogenous consistency. At the site of injury, these stromal cells initiate a site-specific reparative response comprised of remodeling of extracellular matrix, enhanced and sustained angiogenesis, immune system modulation, and cellular turnover. These properties of stromal cells provide a platform for the usage of cellular therapy in various diseases. Peyronie's "plaque" is a scarred tissue, results from abnormal extracellular matrix production through upregulation of myofibroblast activity and tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases, among other mechanisms. The aim of the study is to investigate the possible therapeutic role of nanofat grafting in the treatement of PD.

Details
Condition Peyronie Disease
Treatment Nanofat grafing
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05316714
SponsorUniversity of Roma La Sapienza
Last Modified on6 October 2022

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