Meningococcal Serogroup ACYWX Conjugate Vaccine in Comparison With MenACWY-TT Conjugate Vaccine

  • End date
    Jul 21, 2025
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Emory University
Updated on 21 April 2022
tetanus toxoid
conjugate vaccine
diphtheria toxoid
meningococcal vaccine
Accepts healthy volunteers


Infants aged 9 months will be randomized to receive a meningococcal vaccine at 9 months or 15 months. Infants randomized to the 9-month age group will be further randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive a single dose of the experimental meningococcal vaccine (NmCV-5) or a single dose of the comparator meningococcal vaccine (MenACWY-TT). Prospectively identified and consented infants randomized to the 15-month age group will return when aged 15 months and will be randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive a single dose of NmCV-5 or a single dose of MenACWY-TT.


Meningococcal meningitis, caused by invasive strains of Neisseria meningitidis, is a major public health concern because of its considerable morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Case fatality during meningococcal meningitis epidemics can surpass 15%, and rates of permanent sequelae among meningitis survivors in Africa are twice as high as they are in high income countries. Because of the fulminant clinical course of invasive bacterial meningitis and difficulties in access to care in the African meningitis belt, prevention by vaccination is the optimal way to reduce meningococcal meningitis morbidity and mortality. Before 2010, serogroup A meningococcal strains were routinely responsible for the majority (70-96%) of invasive meningococcal disease in sub-Saharan Africa. And annual epidemic could be associated with an incidence of meningococcal disease which could range between 100-1000 cases per 100,000 persons in any given year.

Progressive introduction of MenAfriVac since 2010 has resulted in a substantial reduction in cases of serogroup A meningococcal disease. However, regular large-scale epidemics due to serogroups C, W and X remain common in the African meningitis belt. An affordable and scalable pentavalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine (NmCV-5) has been developed by Serum Institute of India Pvt. Ltd. (SIIPL), the manufacturer of MenAfriVac. NmCV-5 is designed to protect against serogroups A, C, W, Y and X. The immediate goal for the clinical development of NmCV-5 is for WHO Pre-Qualification (WHO-PQ), to enable the vaccine to be used in the Meningitis Belt of sub-Saharan Africa.

This trial will evaluate a single dose of NmCV-5 administered at either 9 months or 15 months of age, time points in the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) schedule when meningococcal vaccine is most likely to be administered. Infants aged 9 months will be randomized to receive a meningococcal vaccine at 9 months or 15 months. Infants aged 9 months (eligibility 9-11 months) and randomized to the 9-month age group will be randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive a single dose of NmCV-5 or a single dose of MenACWY-TT. Prospectively identified and consented infants randomized to the 15-month age group will return when aged 15 months (eligibility 15-17 months) and will be randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive a single dose of NmCV-5 or a single dose of MenACWY-TT. "Enhanced" EPI vaccines will be co-administered and will consist of 2-doses of a measles-containing vaccine administered at 9 months and 15 months and a single dose of yellow fever vaccine administered at 9 months.

This study protocol is designed to provide evidence that concomitant vaccination with NmCV-5 will not significantly affect the immune responses of infants to their normally scheduled EPI vaccines. This study has been specifically designed to provide information at two distinct timepoints, 9 months and 15 months. The current Mali EPI schedule consists of a measles only vaccine, yellow fever vaccine, and MenA vaccine at 9 months of age; there is no 15 months of age EPI vaccine visit and typically only a single dose of a measles-containing vaccine is administered. However, to satisfy the conditions for WHO-PQ, study participants will receive two doses of a measles-containing vaccine, at 9-months and 15-months. Furthermore, the noninferiority evaluation must include an assessment of the rubella vaccine responses. These modifications to the standard Malian EPI schedule provide a level-of-care that is higher than the current standard-of-care for the general population. Within the context of this study, the researchers will refer to this as an "enhanced" EPI schedule.

Condition Meningitis
Treatment MenACWY-TT, NmCV-5
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05093829
SponsorEmory University
Last Modified on21 April 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Male and female children between 9 months and 11 months old inclusive
Parent(s)/legal guardian(s) have provided written informed consent, after the nature of the study has been explained according to local regulatory requirements
The investigator believes that their parent(s)/guardian(s) will be available for all the subjects visits and will comply with the requirements of the protocol (e.g., timely reporting of adverse events)
Individual is in good health as determined by medical history, physical examination, and clinical judgement of the investigator
Individual has completed their local infant EPI vaccines, not including 9-month EPI vaccines (at the 9-month visit) or 15- month EPI vaccines (at the 15-month visit). A birth dose of oral polio vaccine is not required

Exclusion Criteria

History of receipt of any meningococcal vaccine
Has received a measles-containing vaccine
Current or previous, confirm or suspected disease caused by N. meningitidis
Household contact with and/or intimate exposure to an individual with any laboratory confirmed N. meningitidis infection within 60 days of enrolment or study vaccination (for the 15-month age group)
History of severe allergic reactions after previous vaccinations or hypersensitivity to any study vaccine component including tetanus, diphtheria and mutant diphtheria toxoid (CRM197)
Acute or chronic, clinically significant pulmonary, cardiovascular, metabolic, neurological, hepatic, or renal functional abnormality, as determined by medical history or physical examination
Any confirmed or suspected condition with impaired or altered function of the immune system (e.g., immunodeficiency, autoimmune conditions, malnutrition)
Have any bleeding disorder which is considered a contraindication to intramuscular injection or blood draw
Severe acute malnutrition. Note: a weight-for-length Z-score of less than -3 satisfies this exclusion criteria
History of either hepatitis B or hepatitis C virus infection, human immunodeficiency virus infection, or hereditary immunodeficiency
Presence of major and clinically significant congenital defects
Chronic administration (defined as more than 14 days) of immunosuppressants or other immune-modifying drugs within three months prior to the study vaccination or planned use throughout the study period (for corticosteroids, this means prednisone, or equivalent, ≥ 0.5 mg/kg per day. Inhaled, intranasal, and topical steroids are allowed)
Administration of blood, blood products and/or plasma derivatives or any parenteral immunoglobulin preparation in the past 3 months or planned use throughout the study period
Administration of any vaccine within 14 days prior to enrolment in the study or planned administration of any vaccine within 14 days before or after study vaccination
Use of any investigational or non-registered drug or vaccine within 28 days prior to the administration of study vaccine or planned during the study
Malaria infection as confirmed by a Rapid Diagnostic Test. Note: subjects positive at screening may be treated for malaria as per national guidelines outside of the study, and if the subject remains eligible, vaccinated no earlier than 5 days after completing treatment
Individuals who are close family member of individuals conducting this study. defined as a child with direct genetic relationship to a member of the study team
Have experienced a moderate or severe acute infection and/or fever (defined as temperature ≥ 37.5°C) within 3 days prior to enrolment or study vaccination
Have received systemic antibiotic treatment within 3 days prior to enrolment or study vaccination
Non-residence in the study area or intent to move out within six months
Any condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, might post additional risk to the subject due to participation in the study
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