Breathing Room Intervention to Achieve Better Lung Health in Older Adults

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Aug 29, 2023
  • participants needed
    48
  • sponsor
    University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
Updated on 29 April 2022
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

This proposed study will evaluate whether a novel nonpharmacological intervention, Breathing Room, can improve lung function in the target population of older adults. Therefore, the primary aim of this pilot is to examine the effect of Breathing Room on inspiratory muscle strength, spirometry confirmed ventilatory function (Forced Expiratory Volume in one second (FEV1), Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) and FEV1/FVC), functional status, posture, physical activity, and lower respiratory infection rates.

Description

Restrictive ventilatory patterns (RVPs) contribute to two prevalent problems in older adults:

  1. the development of pneumonia and other lower respiratory infections; and 2) declining endurance for physical activity. The Breathing Room was developed as an exercise activity designed to open the thoracic cage, increase strength of the muscles of respiration with inspiratory muscle trainers, and optimize the breathing technique.

This will be a pretest-posttest design in which the outcomes are measured at baseline, and at two weeks and four weeks post start of Breathing Room intervention. Breathing Room classes will be held 3 times a week for 4 weeks (2 group classes, 1 individual reinforcement of Inspiratory Muscle Training [IMT] homework). The IMT homework includes 3 days 5 cycles of 5 breaths, each cycle followed by 2-minute rest. The IMT will be also utilized during the 2 group classes.

The group classes will be conducted with a maximum of 5 participants in each group. Data on inspiratory muscle strength, spirometry confirmed ventilatory function (Forced Expiratory Volume in one second (FEV1), Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) and FEV1/FVC), functional status, posture, and physical activity will be collected. Infection rate data for each resident for 4 months following completion of Breathing Room will be also collected.

Details
Condition Breathing, Aging
Treatment Breathing Room
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05330780
SponsorUniversity of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
Last Modified on29 April 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

able to understand English
baseline oxygen saturation level is above 85%
spirometry-confirmed restrictive ventilatory pattern (forced vital capacity < 80% predicted, forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity ≥ 0.70

Exclusion Criteria

have lung disease classified as restrictive or obstructive
have unstable angina/myocardial infarction, eye or lung surgery within the previous 8 weeks or aneurysm
have had major orthopedic surgery in the last 12 weeks
have been told they have heart failure, take a diuretic "water pill" and have been told to restrict their salt and fluid intake (symptoms that coincide with Stage C of heart failure based on the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association classification system
score in the severely impaired range on the Short Orientation Memory Concentration Test
history of spontaneous pneumothorax
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