The Role of Platelet Rich Plasma Injections in Cases of Stress Incontinence

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    20
  • sponsor
    Egymedicalpedia
Updated on 18 August 2022
stress incontinence
leakage of urine
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

Urinary incontinence can impact on one's social, physical, mental, and sexual wellbeing, and lead to depression and social isolation Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) refers to the involuntary leakage of urine accompanying physical exertion (i.e. coughing, exercise, and sneezing). It is commonly acquired after pregnancy and childbirth due to the weakening of the pelvic floor muscles that support the urethra against the anterior vaginal wall.

Current SUI treatment includes surgery to re-establish sufficient urethral resistance in order to prevent urine leakage during increased intra-abdominal pressure.

Description

Urinary incontinence can impact on one's social, physical, mental, and sexual wellbeing, and lead to depression and social isolation.

Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) refers to the involuntary leakage of urine accompanying physical exertion (i.e. coughing, exercise, and sneezing). It is commonly acquired after pregnancy and childbirth due to the weakening of the pelvic floor muscles that support the urethra against the anterior vaginal wall.

Current SUI treatment includes surgery to re-establish sufficient urethral resistance in order to prevent urine leakage during increased intra-abdominal pressure.

The mid-urethral sling (MUS) has become the preferred procedure, as it is less invasive than the Burch colposuspension. However, the MUS procedure has a 5-20% failure rate and carries risks such as infection, voiding dysfunction, hemorrhage, pain, bladder or urethral injury, and mesh erosion.

Hence, there is a need for alternative efficacious, outpatient SUI treatments. Platelet-derived therapies are a growing trend across multiple medical and surgical specialties. Evidence suggests that platelets play an important role in tissue repair, vascular remodeling and inflammatory and immune responses through secretion of growth factors, cytokines, and chemokines.

These biologically active proteins include transforming growth factor-β, platelet-derived growth factor, platelet-derived epithelial growth factor, insulin-like growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor. These growth factors are implicated in many aspects of natural wound healing, including chemotaxis, cell proliferation, cell differentiation. The key role of platelets in these processes makes them an attractive candidate for therapies aimed at accelerating natural healing.

One of the most well-described platelet-based therapies is autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP). PRP is derived from the centrifugation of whole blood with a separator gel to remove the red and white blood cells. The resulting supernatant has a greater than four-fold increase in platelets and other plasma proteins. This concentrate is then administered via injection.

Details
Condition Stress Urinary Incontinence, Urinary Incontinence
Treatment Platelet Rich Plasma
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05295420
SponsorEgymedicalpedia
Last Modified on18 August 2022

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