Deep Phenotyping of Cutaneous T Cell Lymphoma, Type Mycosis Fungoides

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 26, 2022
  • participants needed
    30
  • sponsor
    Centre for Human Drug Research, Netherlands
Updated on 26 April 2022
corticosteroids
lymphoma
methotrexate
retinoids
psoriasis
immunosuppressive therapy
experimental drug
skin disease
phototherapy
mycosis
puva
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

Mycosis fungoides (MF) is an ultra-orphan disease of which the etiology remains unknown. MF is diagnosed by correlating clinical appearance with histopathological analysis of often multiple invasive skin punch biopsies. To move patient care and the development of novel treatments for MF forward, objective, sensitive and reliable tools that are preferably non-invasive are desired. Therefore, the objective of the current study is to phenotype the early stages of mycosis fungoides in detail and to assess the response of chlormethine (CL) gel monotherapy. With this approach the investigators aim to detect novel biomarkers and to establish methodologies for the (non-)invasive monitoring of MF.

Description

In recent years, knowledge about the wide spectrum of cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCL) has broadened. Mycosis fungoides (MF) comprises about 50-70% of all primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (Willemze et al, 2019). Many CTCL are misdiagnosed due to clinical and histopathological similarity to other skin conditions (such as psoriasis vulgaris, atopic dermatitis and tinea corpora), low prevalence of disease and a lack of reliable tools for detection of these diseases, resulting in delayed diagnosis with years of discomfort and possibly a worse prognosis. Furthermore, standard treatment has never been proven curative, has many side effects and exacerbations are frequent. To date, the etiology of mycosis fungoides remains unknown and little research has been conducted into the mechanisms underlying its development and its response to treatment.

Mycosis fungoides lesions change over time and differ between patients, consisting of three morphologically different stages: patches (erythematosquamous maculae), plaques (erythematosquamous, elevated and occasionally infiltrated lesions) and tumors (with or without ulceration). Only a relatively small group of patients advances to tumor stage MF during their lifetime. Mycosis fungoides is diagnosed by correlating clinical appearance with histopathological analysis of an invasive skin punch biopsy. Additionally, often multiple biopsies are required after diagnosis, e.g. when a lesion is clinically advancing to a different stage or if lesion origin is ambiguous. Currently no other biomarkers besides skin punch biopsies markers are available for the diagnosis of MF, the evaluation of a MF lesion over time, and the monitoring of a potential treatment effect. To advance MF patient care and the development of novel treatments for MF objective, sensitive and reliable (preferably non-invasive) tools are desired.

Therefore, the objective of the current study is to evaluate disease-related characteristics and biomarkers, the intra- and inter-patient variability of biomarkers, to evaluate biomarkers for disease-monitoring following CL gel treatment and to investigate and monitor skin-related adverse events that might develop after CL gel application in MF patients. With this approach the investigators aim to detect novel biomarkers and to establish methodologies for the (non-)invasive monitoring of MF.

For this purpose, a multi-modal patient profiling approach with in-depth characterization of cutaneous T-cell lymphomas will be performed. A clinical study will be conducted investigating the biology of the disease compared to healthy volunteers (part A) and patients' response to intervention (part B). The former to characterize objectively measured disease characteristics and mechanisms underlying its development, the latter to monitor the biomarker response associated to a MF-CTCL treatment, in this case CL gel. The study focusses on cellular, molecular, biophysical, imaging and microbiome analyses in comparison to healthy controls and between lesional and non-lesional skin of MF patients.

Details
Condition Mycosis Fungoides
Treatment Chlormethine, Chlormethine
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05303480
SponsorCentre for Human Drug Research, Netherlands
Last Modified on26 April 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Signed informed consent prior to any study-mandated procedure
Male or female subjects, 18 to 75 years of age, inclusive at screening; in general, stable good health as per judgement of the investigator based upon the results of a medical history, physical examination, vital signs, ECG and laboratory assessments performed at screening. Repeated laboratory testing may be performed at the discretion of the clinical investigators
Body mass index (BMI) ≥ 18.0 and ≤ 40.0 kg/m2; during COVID-19 pandemic only ≥ 18.0 and ≤ 33.0 kg/m2
No clinically significant skin disease as judged by the investigator
No history of hypertrophic scarring or keloid
Subject is willing to refrain from extensively washing (including bathing, swimming, showering and excessive sweating) the skin 4 hours before every study visit
Subject is willing and able to washout and withhold any topical treatment (prescription and over the counter products) in the treatment area (if possible matched location to most common location of target lesions of the MF group, and otherwise 100cm2 on the lower back) for 2 weeks prior to Day 1
Subject is willing to refrain from application of any topical product (e.g. ointments, crème or washing lotions) on the skin 24 hours prior to every study visit day
Subject is willing and able to washout (topical and oral) antibiotic therapy for 14 days prior to Day 1
Subject is willing to use effective contraception from screening until EOS if subject is male or women of childbearing potential
Subject has the ability to communicate well with the investigator in the Dutch language and is willing to comply with the study requirements
Eligible MF patients must meet all of the following inclusion criteria at
screening
Signed informed consent prior to any study-mandated procedure
Male or female subjects, 18 to 75 years of age, inclusive at screening; in general, stable good health as per judgement of the investigator based upon the results of a medical history, physical examination, vital signs, ECG and laboratory assessments performed at screening. Repeated laboratory testing may be performed at the discretion of the clinical investigators
Body mass index (BMI) ≥ 18.0 and ≤ 40.0 kg/m2; during COVID-19 pandemic only ≥ 18.0 and ≤ 33.0 kg/m2
At least one patch and/or plaque lesion present, with at least one dimension with a diameter of ≥ 6cm
Confirmed MF-diagnosis (stage 1a/1b) by histology (or clinico-histopathological correlation) within the last 10 years
Willing and able to washout any topical treatment for MF (at least 2 weeks) and any systemic treatment for MF (at least 4 weeks) prior to Day 1, resulting in a washout of 8 weeks for topical treatment and 10 weeks for disease-related systemic treatment prior to the first dosing day (day 43)
No previous use of CL gel (Ledaga) in the past two years
Subject is willing and able to washout (topical and oral) antibiotic therapy for 14 days prior to Day 1
Subject is willing to refrain from extensively washing (including bathing, swimming, showering and excessive sweating) the skin 6 hours before every study visit day and up to 2 hours after application of the treatment gel
Subject is willing to use effective contraception during the study if subject is male or women of child bearing potential, for up to 90 days after the last dose of study treatment
Male subjects must be willing to withhold from any sperm donation during the study and up to 90 days after the last dose of study treatment
Eligible healthy volunteers must meet none of the following exclusion criteria at
screening
History of immunological abnormality (e.g., immune suppression) that may interfere
with study objectives, in the opinion of the investigator
The use of systemic antibiotic therapy for >2 months the past 12 months
The use of any oral/systemic medication (e.g. immunomodulatory, immunosuppressive)
within 28 days prior to Day 1, if the investigator judges that it may interfere with
the study objectives
Positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), hepatitis C antibody (HCV ab), or human
immunodeficiency virus antibody (HIV ab) at screening
Participation in an investigational drug study within 3 months prior to screening or
more than 4 times a year
Loss or donation of blood over 500mL within three months prior to screening
History of alcohol consumption exceeding 5 standard drinks per day on average within 3
months of screening. Alcohol consumption will be prohibited from at least 24 hours
preceding each study visit
Positive urine test for drugs or history of abuse at screening or pre-dose. Urine drug
test may be repeated at the discretion of the investigator
Pregnant, a positive pregnancy test, intending to become pregnant, or breastfeeding
Any other known factor, condition, or disease that might interfere with study conduct
or interpretation
Eligible MF-patients must meet none of the abovementioned and following exclusion
criteria at screening
Have any current relevant skin infections/disease in the treatment area other than the
observational disease (mycosis fungoides), inclusively, but not limited to atopic
dermatitis, psoriasis vulgaris, dermatomycosis and other skin malignancies
Having received treatments for MF or any other disease within the following intervals
prior to the start of the study (The use of topical emollients is allowed during the
study. For target lesions it is allowed up to 24h before every study visit day)
< 2 weeks for topical treatment, e.g. corticosteroids, retinoids, vitamin D
analogs
<4 weeks for phototherapy, e.g. UVB, PUVA, PDT
<4 weeks for non-biologic systemic treatment, e.g. retinoids, methotrexate
<6 weeks for peginterferon alfa-2a
<8 weeks for radiotherapy or surgery in the treatment area
<3 months for any systemic chemotherapeutical treatment
Known hypersensitivity to chlormethine gel or its excipients
Clear my responses

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