Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Disease Cohort: Longitudinal Biomarker Study of Disease (A1BC)

  • End date
    Feb 28, 2026
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Columbia University
Updated on 4 October 2022
lung disease
collection of sputum
alpha1-proteinase inhibitor (human)


Alpha-1 Anti-trypsin Deficiency (AATD) is a genetic disease with lung and liver disease presentations. The purpose of this study is to examine the density of the lung as measured by chest computed tomography (CT) and determine if existing emphysema predicts changes in the rate of subsequent emphysema or changes in CT, serum or plasma biomarkers of interest. The overarching goal is to develop biomarkers that can be used in interventional trials since lung function changes do not typically inform disease progression in AATD.


Progression of lung disease in patients with Alpha-1 Anti-trypsin deficiency is variable and while some patients may have stable lung function over many years, some progress and deteriorate rapidly. Currently there are no predictors that would help identify patient at risk of rapid deterioration. The aim of this study is to identify markers and features in CT imaging that may allow identification of these patients early before deterioration. To achieve this, the study will follow a cohort of patients with confirmed Alpha-1 Anti-trypsin deficiency and lung disease and measure a number of biomarkers in blood and sputum and obtain high resolution CT scans at baseline and again three years later. If the study is able to determine markers that allow the identification of patients at risk early, the investigator may be able to study early interventions in later studies and possibly find ways to avoid serious complications. Patients will be followed longitudinally to assess deterioration of lung function.

Study procedures include: Review of medical history and medication history, blood draw, complete Pulmonary Function Test (PFT), induced sputum (at some sites), completion of questionnaires and CT Chest scan. All of the mentioned procedures above will be performed on enrollment and repeated at 18 months and 36 months, with the exception of monthly Alpha- net exacerbation questionnaires.

Condition Alpha 1-Antitrypsin Deficiency, Genetic Disease
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05297812
SponsorColumbia University
Last Modified on4 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Males and females aged 18 years and older
Patients with known Alpha-1 Anti-trypsin deficiency (PiZZ)
Be an existing member of the Alpha-1 Foundation Clinical Cohort (Alpha-1 Foundation Research Registry)
Willingness to perform study procedures of Chest CT, blood biomarker determination, sputum collection, questionnaire completion, and lung function testing

Exclusion Criteria

AATD non-PiZZ status, including carriers
Pregnancy at the time of the screening visit
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