Effectiveness of Video Conferencing in Urinary Incontinence

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Apr 1, 2023
  • participants needed
    40
  • sponsor
    Marmara University
Updated on 22 April 2022

Summary

Telerehabilitation (TR) refers to the provision of rehabilitation services through information and communication technologies. The most widely used of these technologies are applications such as telephone and video conferencing.

Urinary incontinence is defined as involuntary urinary incontinence ). This condition, which affects both sexes, is more common in women. Urinary incontinence is caused by dysfunction in the bladder and pelvic floor muscles in women during menopause, childbirth, or pregnancy. Urinary incontinence is a health problem that significantly affects people's social interactions, interests, and psychosocial status. It has been shown that even mild incontinence complaints cause a decrease in the quality of life in women.

Pelvic floor muscle training is one of the conservative treatment methods used in the treatment of urinary incontinence.Adding breathing exercises and deep abdominal muscle strengthening exercises to pelvic floor muscle training may be beneficial in patients with urinary incontinence.

In patients with urinary incontinence, women who are in regular communication with the supervisor during pelvic floor muscle training are more likely to gain higher from the program. However, it has not been shown that group physiotherapy is less effective than physiotherapy administered individually in reducing incontinence episodes. In the light of this information in the literature, our research hypothesis is that in patients with urinary incontinence, follow-up the pelvic floor muscle training, breathing exercise, and core exercise training with individually video conference method can have positive effects on patients' muscle strength, incontinence degree, quality of life, patient satisfaction, exercise adherence, and sexual function.

Description

During the COVID-19 pandemic in the world, telerehabilitation methods are widely used in order to ensure the continuity of patients' access to health services, as well as to reduce the likelihood of both health personnel and the patient catching the disease. Telerehabilitation (TR) refers to the provision of rehabilitation services through information and communication technologies. Information and communication technologies include secure messaging services and e-mail services, but new applications such as wearable, virtual reality and activity trackers are increasingly used in healthcare. On the other hand, real-time applications, where information is instantly exchanged between all users by telephone and video conferencing, are the most common of information and communication technologies.

Urinary incontinence is defined as the complaint of involuntary urinary incontinence. This condition, which affects both sexes, is more common in women. Urinary incontinence is caused by the disruption of the continence mechanism as a result of prostate enlargement or prostate cancer in men; In women, it is due to dysfunction in the bladder and pelvic floor muscles that occur during menopause, childbirth or pregnancy. urinary incontinence; It is classified as stress incontinence, urge incontinence, mixed type incontinence, overflow incontinence and functional incontinence. In a study conducted in our country, it was reported that stress type incontinence is the most common type of incontinence. Stress type incontinence is followed by mixed type incontinence and urge type incontinence, respectively. Urinary incontinence is a health problem that significantly affects people's social interactions, interests and psychosocial status. Studies have shown that even mild incontinence complaints cause a decrease in the quality of life in women.

Conservative treatment, pharmacological treatment and surgical interventions are used in the treatment of urinary incontinence. Pelvic floor muscle training is one of the conservative treatment methods used in the treatment of urinary incontinence. Studies in the literature have reported that pelvic floor muscle training should be included in the primary care program in women with stress or any type of incontinence, and this training causes less urinary incontinence, less urine in the pad test, and patients empty their bladders less frequently during the day. It has been shown that the pelvic floor muscles work synergistically with the diaphragm and abdominal muscles to control respiration and changes in intra-abdominal pressure. Therefore, it has been reported in the literature that adding breathing exercises and deep abdominal muscle strengthening exercises to pelvic floor muscle training in patients with urinary incontinence may be beneficial.

When the studies are examined, the programs that include pelvic floor muscle training are quite variable. Different methods were used in order to increase the effectiveness of the applied muscle training program and the adherence of the patients to the program. One of these applied methods is telerehabilitation applications. It has been shown that pelvic floor muscle training can be applied safely and effectively with telehealth applications, and significant improvements are achieved in stress incontinence and mixed type incontinence types with these applications. It has been reported that these technological methods are advantageous in order to ensure continuity of treatment without leaving the house during the pandemic process.

Women with regular contact with the supervisor during pelvic floor muscle training in patients with urinary incontinence are more likely to report their recovery. However, group physiotherapy has not been shown to be less effective than individual physiotherapy in reducing incontinence episodes. In the light of this information in the literature, pelvic floor muscle training, breathing exercise and core exercises performed individually with video conference monitoring, which is one of the telerehabilitation methods in patients with urinary incontinence, on muscle strength, incontinence degree, pelvic floor muscle thickness, symptoms on quality of life, patient satisfaction, exercise. We have established our hypothesis in terms of positive effects on commitment and sexual life. Therefore, the aim of this study is; The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of group video conferencing method and individual video conferencing method on urinary incontinence in patients with urinary incontinence.

Details
Condition Urinary Incontinence,Stress, Telerehabilitation, Pelvic Floor Muscle Training, Videoconferencing
Treatment Pelvic floor muscle training, diaphragmatic breathing exercise, core exercises
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05154760
SponsorMarmara University
Last Modified on22 April 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

-65 aged
BMI 18-30 kg/m2
Being diagnosed with stress incontinence or mixed incontinence (dominantly SUI)
Mild or moderate incontinence (mild SUI; urinary incontinence with coughing, sneezing, laughing, or any strenuous activity. Moderate; urinary incontinence with carrying, pushing, lifting, walking, and any light physical activity)

Exclusion Criteria

Pregnancy
Ongoing vulvovaginitis or urinary tract infection or malignancy
Pelvic floor muscle strength is between 0-1 according to the Modified Oxford Scale
Previous surgery for SUI
Problems with vision or inability to understand given commands
Conservative therapy in the last 6 months
Clear my responses

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