Celecoxib in Postoperative Analgesia for Radius Fracture Surgery

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Sep 30, 2023
  • participants needed
    50
  • sponsor
    Charles University, Czech Republic
Updated on 9 April 2022

Summary

Patients scheduled for elective osteosynthesis of the distal radius will be randomized to receive celecoxib 100 mg orally (PO) at 6 in the morning before surgery and every 12 hours for 2 days thereafter, or a placebo pill in the same regimen. After surgery under general anaesthesia, they will receive paracetamol 1 g intravenously (IV) every 6 hours and if pain intensity is greater than 4 on a numeric rating scale (NRS) of 0-10, piritramid 15 mg intramuscularly (IM) will be administered. Pain intensity, piritramid consumption and side effects of treatment will be recorded in a questionnaire for 2 days.

Description

A prospective single-blinded randomized study will be performed in patients of the Orthopaedic Clinic of the 3rd Medical Faculty of Charles University (3LF UK) and the Faculty Hospital Kralovske Vinohrady (FHKV) scheduled for elective osteosynthesis of the distal radius. The expected number of participants is 25 in each arm of the study. They will be randomized by envelope method into an non-steroidal analgesic (NSA) group, which will receive celecoxib at 6 in the morning before surgery, and a C group, which will receive a placebo pill prepared by the hospital pharmacy. General anesthesia will be performed in both groups in the standard way using propofol, sufentanil and sevoflurane 1 minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) with air and oxygen at 40% concentration. At the end of surgery, each patient will be given paracetamol 1 g intravenously (IV) and ondansetron 4 mg IV. Pain intensity after surgery will be measured on a numerical rating scale (NRS) 0-10. For postoperative analgesia, both groups will receive paracetamol 1 g IV. every 6 hours, and for NRS>4 pain intensity, piritramid 15 mg intramuscularly (IM). The NSA group will receive celecoxib 100 mg orally (PO) at 6 in the morning and 6 in the afternoon, and group C will receive placebo at the same interval.

Parameters to be monitored will be postoperative pain intensity for the primary objective, and opioid piritramid consumption and side effects of the treatment for the secondary objectives. NRS, number of doses of piritramid and side effects will be recorded in a coded questionnaire.

Details
Condition Pain, Postoperative
Treatment Placebo, Celecoxib 100 MG
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05288374
SponsorCharles University, Czech Republic
Last Modified on9 April 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients scheduled for osteosynthesis of distal radius fracture

Exclusion Criteria

Known hypersensitivity (e.g., anaphylactic reactions and serious skin reactions) to celecoxib
History of asthma, urticaria, or other allergic-type reactions after taking aspirin or other NSAIDs
Patients who have demonstrated allergic-type reactions to sulfonamides
Inability to understand the questionnaire
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