DIStinguishing ChildrEn at Low Risk of Severe infectioN in Case of Febrile Neutropenia-7: Impact Study of a Clinical Decision Rule (DISCERN-FN7)

  • End date
    Dec 22, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University Hospital, Lille
Updated on 22 April 2022


Febrile neutropenia (NF) is the leading cause of unscheduled hospitalization in children with cancer. Management classically involves emergency admission to hospital for intravenous antibiotic treatment until resolution of fever and neutropenia. However, children with NF are a heterogeneous group with varying risks of severe infection (10-29%). This approach, which is recognized as excessive for low-risk episodes of severe infection, particularly in terms of quality of life and cost, is no longer recommended. Management should move to a more personalized model that takes into account the individual probability of severe infection. Clinical decision rules (CDRs) have been proposed to facilitate risk stratification, but none are useful in our French population because of insufficient reproducibility or effectiveness.

Condition Neutropenia, Febrile
Treatment The Clinical Decision Rule
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04938206
SponsorUniversity Hospital, Lille
Last Modified on22 April 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Followed for hemopathy or cancer
Presenting with post-chemotherapy NF
With social security coverage
With parents able to provide appropriate home supervision
Consent of parents and child if able to give consent

Exclusion Criteria

NF to diagnosis of tumor disease
Child with palliative care
Child who has had an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant within the past year
NF immediately following an autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant
Participation in the study during a previous NF
Curative antibiotic therapy or documented infection prior to admission
Initial management at a non-investigative center
Refusal of the child or parents to participate
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