Efficacy of Talazoparib in Asian Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients With a Homologous Recombinant Deficiency (HRD) Signature

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Nov 8, 2025
  • participants needed
    55
  • sponsor
    University of Malaya
Updated on 8 April 2022
measurable disease
metastasis
HER2
triple negative breast cancer
erbb2

Summary

This is an open label, non randomised, investigator-initiated Phase II study of single agent talazoparib (Talzenna®) in metastatic triple negative breast cancer patients with enriched HRD signature. Approximately 55 subjects will be enrolled in this study to examine the efficacy of talazoparib when given orally 1mg daily for days 1 to 28 for up to 28 months. The study will be conducted using the Simon two-stage phase II design, whereby this study will initially enroll 19 patients with RECIST v1.1 measurable disease with enriched HRD signature (stage I). There will be one interim analysis at the end of stage I and if 3 of the 19 have a response, then no further patient will be accrued. If 4 or more of the 19 patients have a response, then accrual would continue to stage II until a total of 55 patients have been enrolled. This study will be conducted in conformance with Good Clinical Practices. Specific procedures to be performed during the trial, as well as their prescribed times and associated visit windows, are outlined in the Trial Flow Chart.

Description

This is an open label, non randomised, investigator-initiated Phase II study of single agent talazoparib (Talzenna®) in metastatic triple negative breast cancer patients with enriched HRD signature. A total of 55 evaluable subjects will be enrolled in this study to examine the efficacy of talazoparib when given orally 1mg daily for days 1 to 28 for up to 28 months. The study will be conducted using the Simon two-stage phase II design, whereby this study will initially enroll 19 patients with RECIST v1.1 measurable disease with enriched HRD signature (stage I). There will be one interim analysis at the end of stage I and if 3 of the 19 have a response, then no further patient will be accrued. If 4 or more of the 19 patients have a response, then accrual would continue to stage II until a total of 55 patients have been enrolled. As it may take several weeks to determine if a patient has experienced a response, a temporary pause in the accrual to the trial may be necessary to ensure that enrollment to the second stage is warranted.

The purpose of this study is to determine if Talzenna® can help breast cancer patients who have not inherited an altered BRCA gene. We have identified a genetic signature called HRD100 which identifies patients who may respond to Talzenna®.

Disease status will be followed by imaging studies at interval of every 12 weeks, until disease progression, start of non-study treatment, withdrawal of consent to study participation, death or end of the study. RECIST 1.1 will be used as the primary endpoint of the response rate. Safety will be monitored according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0 (Appendix 2).

Study Treatment will continue until any of the following occurs:

  1. Disease progression, as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumour (RECIST version 1.1);
  2. Unacceptable toxicity;
  3. Intercurrent illness that necessitates discontinuation of study treatment;
  4. Investigator's decision to withdraw the subject,
  5. Pregnancy;
  6. Major violation to study treatment or procedure requirements;
  7. Withdrawal of consent to treatment;
  8. Death;
  9. End of the study;
  10. Other administrative reasons requiring cessation of study treatment.

Specific procedures to be performed during the trial, as well as their prescribed times and associated visit windows, are outlined in the SCHEDULE OF ACTIVITIES (SoA).

The study will be conducted in conformance with Good Clinical Practices.

The primary objective of the trial is to determine the objective response rate (CR+PR) of the single agent talazoparib in metastatic TNBC patients with enriched HRD signature using RECIST 1.1. Secondary Objective is to determine the progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of talazoparib in metastatic TNBC patients.

Exploratory Objectives is to evaluate the HRD signature(s) in predicting response to PARP inhibitor in metastatic TNBC patients.

Details
Condition HRD 100 Gene Expression High, Triple Negative Breast Cancer
Treatment Talazoparib
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05288127
SponsorUniversity of Malaya
Last Modified on8 April 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Provision of signed and dated informed consent form
Stated willingness to comply with all study procedures (including if needed to undergo germline BRCA testing and counselling as per local hospital practice) and availability for the duration of the study
Women, aged 18 and above
Received either one or two prior systemic treatments for metastatic breast cancer
Histologically confirmed metastatic or recurrent triple-negative breast cancer (defined as ER <1%, PR <1%, HER2 negative, as per ASCO CAP guidelines)
Documented disease progression on the most recent therapy
Have availability of 10 ml blood for germline BRCA testing if previous record of germline BRCA mutation status is not available
If germline BRCA 1 or 2 (1/2) mutation positive, should be among the 5 patients (in Stage I) or 9 patients (in Stage II) with germline BRCA 1/2 mutation positive
Can provide archival tumor tissue sample. Note: Formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue blocks or tissues sections (>30% neoplastic cells, 2 x 10µm tissue curls each in 2 sterile 1.5ml-micro-centrifuge tubes) and 10 unstained slides are needed
Can provide one 10ml and one 6-ml blood samples for future biomedical research
Has classification as HRD High based on the HRD 100 gene expression analysis (Appendix 4)
Has Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 (Appendix 1)
Has adequate organ function as defined below: • Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 ×upper limit of normal (ULN); if liver function abnormalities are due to hepatic metastasis, then AST and ALT ≤ 5 × ULN
Total serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × ULN (≤ 3 × ULN for Gilbert's syndrome)
Calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min by local laboratory or Cockcroft-Gault formula
Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL with last transfusion at least 14 days before randomization
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500/mm3
Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm3
Females of childbearing potential must be willing to use adequate contraception for
the course of the study through at least 7 months after the last dose of study
drug
Patient must be able to swallow pills

Exclusion Criteria

Has ER-positive or PR-positive breast cancer
Has HER2-positive breast cancer
Have received prior treatment with a PARP inhibitor
Is currently on strong P-glycoprotein inhibitors
Is germline BRCA 1/2 mutation carrier after the quota of germline BRCA 1/2 mutation carrier (inclusion criteria 4.1.7) of this trial have been fulfilled
Has other malignancy that is either active or for which patients have received treatment within the last 5 years excluding non-melanoma skin cancer and carcinoma in situ of cervix
Have received platinum may not have relapsed within 6 months of the last dose of prior platinum therapy. For patients who have received platinum, at least 6 months must have elapsed between the last dose of platinum-based treatment and enrollment
Is currently participating and receiving study therapy, or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of study drug
Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
Has known active Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C
Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
Has significant cardiovascular disease, such as: History of myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome or coronary angioplasty/stenting/bypass grafting within the last 6 months
Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the study
Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through at least 7 months after the last dose of study drug
Has a known hypersensitivity to the components of the study drug or its analogs
Known active brain metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis
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