dENdritic Cell Therapy Combined With SURgEry in Mesothelioma (ENSURE)

  • End date
    Dec 31, 2025
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Erasmus Medical Center
Updated on 21 April 2022


The ENSURE trial is an open label, single center, phase 1, feasibility study. Sixteen adult patients diagnosed with resectable epithelioid malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) will be enrolled following first-line chemotherapy. Before standard-of-care chemotherapy, a leukapheresis will be performed and monocytes will be used for differentiation to dendritic cells (DCs) using specific cytokines. Allogeneic tumor lysate (Pheralys) loaded autologous DCs (MesoPher) will be re-injected 3 weeks after completing chemotherapy, 2 times every other week. Four weeks after the first injection with dendritic cell therapy (DCT), patients will undergo extrapleural pleurectomy/decortication (eP/D) surgery and receive three bi-weekly injections with DCT (starting 4 weeks after surgery). In total, five DC vaccinations will be administered. A tumor biopsy will be collected before starting neo-adjuvant DCT.

Condition Mesotheliomas Pleural
Treatment MesoPher
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05304208
SponsorErasmus Medical Center
Last Modified on21 April 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of epithelioid MPM who are eligible for 2 to 4 cycles of platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients who progressed after chemotherapy will not be discontinued from the trial if they are still eligible for eP/D and none of the exclusion criteria is present (e.g. local progression with only focal chest invasion)
Patients must be at least 18 years old and must be able to give written informed con-sent
Resectable disease defined by stage cT1-3, N0-1, M0 (I to IIIA) according to UICC TNM classification (8th edition). A fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET)-computerized tomography (CT) scan with fusion images showing absence of M1, N2 involvement is required. Focal chest wall lesions are acceptable
Tumor tissue available after completing chemotherapy and before starting treatment with DCT. Tumor tissue can be obtained by either a CT-guided needle biopsy or a Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) biopsy
Fit to receive platinum-based chemotherapy (as per standard of care of the treating physician/Institution) and undergo a P/D with optional removal of hemidiaphragm and pericardium. The responsible surgeon and chest physician should judge the required fitness prior to registration, taking into account the results of all the relevant (i.e. pulmonary, cardiac) examinations
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1 (Appendix 2)
Ability to return to the study center for adequate follow-up and vaccinations
Positive delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) skin test (induration > 2mm after 48 hrs) against at least one positive control antigen tetanus toxoid
Written informed consent according to ICH-GCP
Subjects must have adequate organ function and adequate bone marrow reserve at
creatinine ≤ 1.5 × upper limit of normal [ULN] or glomerular filtration rate ≥ 50 mL/min
alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × ULN
Absolute neutrophil count ≥1.5 x 109/L, platelet count ≥100 x 109/L, and Hb ≥9.0 g/dL. Criteria must be met without erythropoietin dependency and without packed red blood cell (pRBC) transfusion within last 2 weeks
Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening
and a negative urine pregnancy test just prior to the first study drug
administration on Day 1, and must be willing to use an effective contraceptive
method (intrauterine devices, hormonal contraceptives, contraceptive pill
implants, transdermal patches, hormonal vaginal devices, infusions with
prolonged release) or true abstinence (when this is in line with the preferred
and usual lifestyle) during the study and for at least 12 months after the
last study drug administration
True abstinence is acceptable when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. Periodic abstinence (such as calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception
Men must be willing to use an effective contraceptive method (e.g. condom, vasectomy) during the study and for at least 12 months after the last study drug administration
Written informed consent according to the International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH)/Good Clinical Practice (GCP) guidelines

Exclusion Criteria

Clinical or radiological invasion of mediastinal structures (heart, aorta, spine, esophagus, etc.) and widespread chest wall invasion (stage T4). Involvement of N2 nodes. Stage IV (metastatic disease)
Any different histology from the epithelioid MPM (as per assessed at time of diagnosis)
Unavailability of tumor tissue after completing chemotherapy and before starting treatment with DCT
Subject with any concurrent medical, psychological or psychiatric disease or condition that is likely to compromise the ability to give informed consent or to interfere with study procedures or results, or that in the opinion of the investigator would constitute a hazard for participating in this study
Use of >10 mg of prednisolone or equivalent/day (or other immunosuppressive agents) during the past 6 weeks before the first study drug administration and throughout the study. Prophylactic usage of dexamethasone (steroids) during chemotherapy is excluded from this 6-week interval. Inhaled or topical steroids, and adrenal replacement steroid ≤10 mg daily prednisone equivalent, are permit-ted in the absence of active autoimmune disease
Major surgical procedure or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to randomization or anticipation of the need for major surgery (other than eP/D) during the course of study treatment
Subject with any previous malignancy except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial or in-situ cancer of the bladder or other cancer for which the subject has been disease-free for at least 3 years
Prior treatment of any kind for mesothelioma, especially prophylactic track irradiation after diagnostic procedures
Clinically significant pleural effusion that cannot be managed with thoracentesis or pleurodesis (according to institutional practice). If pleurodesis is considered, it should be done before randomization
Subject with any known active serious infection, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B or C virus, or syphilis infection
Subject with a history of autoimmune disease, except for diabetes mellitus type I or other conditions, where patient can be eligible following discussion with medical monitor
Subject who has received an organ allograft
Serious intercurrent chronic or acute illness such as pulmonary (COPD or asthma) or cardiac (NYHA class III or IV) or hepatic disease or other illness considered by the study coordinator to constitute an unwarranted high risk for eP/D or investigational DCT
Pregnant women, nursing mothers, lactating women, and women of child-bearing potential who are unwilling to use effective contraceptive methods (intrauterine de-vices, hormonal contraceptives, contraceptive pill, implants, transdermal patches, hormonal vaginal devices, infusions with prolonged release) during the study and for at least 12 months after the last study drug administration
Men unwilling to use effective contraception for the duration of the study and for at least 12 months after the last study drug administration
Inadequate peripheral vein access to perform leukapheresis
History of receiving any investigational treatment within 28 days of randomization
Absence of assurance of compliance with the protocol. Lack of availability for fol-low-up assessment
Patients with a known allergy to shellfish (may contain KLH)
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