MITRIC: Microbiota Transplant to Cancer Patients Who Have Failed Immunotherapy Using Faeces From Clincal Responders (MITRIC)

  • End date
    Dec 16, 2034
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Oslo University Hospital
Updated on 16 September 2022
platelet count
measurable disease
serum bilirubin
progressive disease
neutrophil count
programmed cell death 1 ligand 1


This is a single-arm, single-center, open-label, phase IIa study evaluating the safety, feasibility and efficacy of Faecal Microbiota Transplant (FMT) to cancer patients not responding to ICI therapy, using ICI-responders as donors.


Immunotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) has shown remarkable clinical efficacy against several cancer forms. This includes durable responses in patients with metastatic cancers and no other effective treatment options. However, many patients do not respond. This leaves a major challenge; how to turn non-responders into responders. Herein, this challenge is addressed, by attempting to modulate patients' intestinal microbiota through Faecal Microbiota Transplant (FMT). Data from several preclinical and translational studies have indicated that the microbiota composition is important for the effect of ICIs. Moreover, two recent trials exploring FMT for melanoma patients have suggested acceptable safety and a potential clinical benefit.

Condition Melanoma Stage IV, Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma, MSI-High, Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma
Treatment Fecal Microbiota Transplant (FMT)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05286294
SponsorOslo University Hospital
Last Modified on16 September 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Participant must be 18 years of age, at the time of signing the informed consent
Histologically confirmed malignant melanoma, CSCC, HNSCC, renal clear cell carcinoma or MSI+ solid cancer
Metastatic disease or local recurrence not curable by standard therapy
PD-L1 positivity (>20% combined positive score) is required for subjects with HNSCC
Measurable disease according to iRECIST
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
Progressive disease, as considered by the treating physician, on therapy with PD1/PD-L1 blockers and/or CTLA4-blockers. Indication for further treatment with ICI
Prior response to ICI is allowed only if PD under ICI therapy has been documented <6 months before enrolment and without subsequent lines of anti-cancer therapy. For patients with prior response to ICI followed by subsequent lines of anti-cancer therapy, and patients that have not received ICI the last 6 months, ICI has to be re-introduced, and these patients have to again show progressive disease while on ICI therapy. Patients without any response to ICI at any time point during their disease history are eligible, without a need for re-introduction of ICI before enrollment, even if subsequent lines of anti-cancer therapy have been given, or they have not received ICI the last 6 months
Mandatory pre-FMT biopsy and lesion accessible for further biopsies
Life expectancy >3 months
Adequate organ function as defined below
Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.0 x 109/L
Platelet count ≥80 x 109/L
Serum bilirubin ≤1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
AST and ALT ≤2.5 x ULN unless liver metastases are present, in which case it must be ≤5x ULN
Albumin >25 g/L
Serum creatinine ≤1.5 X ULN OR measured creatinine clearance (CL) >40 mL/min or Calculated creatinine CL>40 mL/min by the Cockcroft-Gault formula (Cockcroft and Gault 1976) or by 24-hour urine collection for determination of creatinine clearance
Capable of giving signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

Other cancer within 3 years prior to study entry, with the exception of those with a negligible risk of metastasis or death and treated with expected curative outcome (such as adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix or basal or squamous cell skin cancer)
Spinal cord compression not definitively treated with surgery and/or radiation, or previously diagnosed and treated spinal cord compression without evidence that disease has been clinically stable for > 2 weeks prior to first FMT
Uncontrolled pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, or ascites. Patients with indwelling catheters are allowed
Uncontrolled tumor-related pain. Patients requiring narcotic pain medication must be on a stable regimen at study entry. Symptomatic lesions (e.g., bone metastases or metastases causing nerve impingement) amenable to palliative radiotherapy should be treated prior to enrolment. Asymptomatic metastatic lesions whose further growth would likely cause functional deficits or intractable pain (e.g., epidural metastasis that is not presently associated with spinal cord compression) should be considered for loco-regional therapy if appropriate prior to enrolment
Significant cardiovascular disease, such as New York Heart Association (NYHA) cardiac disease (Class II or greater), myocardial infarction within 3 months prior to study entry, unstable arrhythmias, or unstable angina. Patients with a known left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40% will be excluded. Patients with known coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure not meeting the above criteria, or LVEF < 50% must be on a stable medical regimen that is optimized in the opinion of the treating physician, in consultation with a cardiologist if appropriate
Undergone allogeneic stem cell or solid organ transplantation
A positive test for HIV
Active hepatitis B (defined as having a positive hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] test at screening) or hepatitis C. Patients with past hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection or resolved HBV infection (defined as having a negative HbsAg test and a positive antibody to hepatitis B core antigen [anti-HBc] antibody test) are eligible. Patients positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is negative for HCV RNA
Active tuberculosis
Ongoing immune-related adverse effects from immunotherapy treatments that are of Grade ≥2, excluding endocrine adverse effects. An ongoing grade 2 cutaneous reaction is allowed
Severe infection within 14 days prior to first FMT, requiring hospitalization
Any condition that significantly increases the risk of perforation during endoscopy for FMT
A history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating Investigator
Known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation and the requirements of the trial
A requirement of systemic antibiotics at the time of study entry
Received oral or IV antibiotics within 5 days prior to first FMT
Currently receiving other study therapy that may interfere with the interpretation of data in this study
Received treatment with systemic corticosteroids or other systemic immunosuppressive medications (including but not limited to prednisone, dexamethasone, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and anti-tumor necrosis factor [TNF] agents) within 10 days prior to first FMT, or anticipated requirement for systemic immunosuppressive medications during the trial. A daily dose equivalent to ≤10mg prednisolone is allowed
Patients who have received acute, low-dose, systemic immunosuppressant medications (e.g., a one-time dose of dexamethasone for nausea) may be enrolled in the study
Patients with a history of allergic reaction to IV contrast requiring steroid pre-treatment should have baseline and subsequent tumor assessments performed using MRI
The use of inhaled corticosteroids for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, mineralocorticoids (e.g., fludrocortisone) for patients with orthostatic hypotension, and low-dose supplemental corticosteroids for adrenocortical insufficiency are allowed
Pregnant or breastfeeding
Any reason why, in the opinion of the investigator, the patient should not participate
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