The Effect of Lactoferrin in High Calorie Formula on IL-6 and IL10 in Children With Failure to Thrive and Infection (Interleukin)

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    Universitas Airlangga
Updated on 8 August 2022


Lactoferrin is an iron-binding glycoprotein of the transferrin family which is expressed and refers to it as a "red protein from milk". It is known that lactoferrin can modulate the overall immune response in inflammatory disorders including modulation of cytokine/ chemokine production and immune regulation that resenting by interleukin (IL)-10. Children with failure to thrive have increase the risk of infectious disease. The mechanism behind this may be due to impaired of immune function, in which pro-inflammation response is increased (IL-1β, IL-6), while IL-10 acted as anti-inflammation response tends to reduces.

High calorie formula (Oral Nutrition Supplement/ONS) are products used for oral nutrition support with the aim of increasing nutritional intake. they are a nutrition treatment option for when nutrition support has been identified beside dietary counselling. ONS are typically used in addition to a normal diet, when diet alone is insufficient to meet daily nutritional requirement due to infection or others. ONS should be treated like medication, ensure they are labelled with the patient's name and provided at the prescribed time. It is well established that nutritional deficiency or inadequate can impair immune function. Growing evidence suggest that for certain nutrients increased intake above currently recommended levels may help optimize immune function including improving the defense function and thus resistance to infection while maintaining tolerance.

This study aims to analize the levels of IL-6 and IL- 10 in children with failure to thrive with infection before and after receiving the intervention of lactoferrin in high-calorie formula milk. This study is an observational study with a pre-, post-test design, with designed total subject is 80. The subject is healthy children with weight faltering aged 1-5 years diagnosed with infection (tuberculosis/TB or urinary tract infection/UTI)


Interventional study with a pre-, post-test design. After the subject were diagnosed with infection (tuberculosis/TB or urinary tract infection/ UTI), they will receive 400 kcal/day (96 g/day divided 4 times consumption) of high calorie formula prescribed by the researcher (A pediatrician) for 90 days consumption (8640 g). the subject will monitored every 30 days for acceptance, tolerance, weight increment, length increment evaluation.

The blood will be withdrawn at day 0 (before invention) and day 90 (after intervention) to measure the IL-6 and IL-10 levels. The high calorie formula is given as much as 400 kcal/day for 90 days after the subject were diagnosed with tuberculosis (TB) or urinary tract infection (UTI), determine as day 1. the diagnosis will be determined by pediatrician. Before the intervention (day 0) and after the intervention (day 61), the subjects were taken the blood by laboratory employee of the private hospital in Surabaya, Indonesia

Condition Failure to Thrive, Infections
Treatment High Calorie Formula
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05289674
SponsorUniversitas Airlangga
Last Modified on8 August 2022

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