Negative Pressure Ventilation in Paediatric Patients During Weaning (NEGWEAN)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 31, 2023
  • participants needed
    200
  • sponsor
    Brno University Hospital
Updated on 26 March 2022

Summary

Negative pressure ventilation (NPV) represent a unique form of noninvasive ventilation using negative pressure by specialized cuirass, that evolve negative pressure on the front size of chest and partially abdomen and facilitate the spontaneous breathing. The benefit of NPV beside noninvasive application, is the supreme tolerance of the patient (compared to other forms of noninvasive ventilation - mask, helmet), without the negative impact on enteral feeding tolerance and with the possibility of active physiotherapy. NPV could be even combined with oxygentherapy or noninvasive positive pressure ventilation. NPV in paediatric patients after extubation could be associated with reduced incidence of weaning failure.

Description

After ethics committee approval and informed consent from legal guardians and fulfilling inclusion criteria, critically ill paediatric patients scheduled for weaning will be randomized (in 1:1 allocation) to NPV (interventional group) or standard approach (without NPV) after extubation. NPV in paediatric patients after extubation could be associated with reduced incidence of weaning failure. The initial setting on NPV will be: negative pressure set to -10cmH2O and will proceed for minimal time of 60 minutes after extubation (will proceed longer in case of good tolerance). In case of hypoxaemia, additional oxygentherapy will be administered according to the patients condition Primary outcome will be defined as postextubation failure incidence at 60 minutes after extubation (defined as need of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation, intubation, or high-flow oxygen therapy) and the overall incidence of weaning failure during initial 24 hour after extubation. The secondary outcome will be the dynamics of blood gases (arterial or capillary blood sample) during initial 60 minutes after extubation (1. extubation, 2. 60 minutes after extubation) and the need of and amount of artificial oxygentherapy (litres of oxygen per minute, pulse oximetry). Another outcome will be the overall cuirass tolerance after 60 minutes and after 24 hours defined by incidence of skin lesions.

Details
Condition Weaning Failure
Treatment Negative pressure ventilation
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05035290
SponsorBrno University Hospital
Last Modified on26 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

invasive mechanical ventilation
informed consent
scheduled for weaning

Exclusion Criteria

neuromuscular disorder
mechanical ventilation at home (chronic use)
less than 24 hours after abdominal or thoracic surgery
technical problems with the cuirass - chest drain
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