Normal Saline Nebulization on Prevention of Extubation Failure in Neonates

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    69
  • participants needed
    60
  • sponsor
    Ain Shams University
Updated on 26 March 2022

Summary

this study is about evaluating the effect of using normal saline nebulization in preventing re-intubation in extubated neonates , provided that the cause of intubation is mainly due to respiratory cause

Description

Using nebulization is of great debate in neonates especially post extubation as neonates have physiological characteristics such as difficult airway maintenance and clearance, smaller airway caliber, compliant chest wall, poor airway stability, and lower functional residual capacity that account for the diminished delivery of inhaled aerosol.

Nebulized normal saline has historically been used as a placebo typically in studies examining bronchodilator medications and sputum expectorants or used as a carrier to medications. Nowadays, normal saline is a method of enhancing mucociliary clearance has become a clinically accepted adjunct to physiotherapy in the treatment of many chronic lung conditions .

the effect of whether or not nebulization really improves the lung condition is evaluated by lung ultrasound ,It is not only useful in predicting failure of non-invasive ventilation and the need for invasive ventilation, but also has a great value in anticipating extubation success In general, patients with lower lung ultrasound scores show a better chance of extubation success. Each lung will be divided into 3 areas (upper anterior, lower anterior, and lateral) and will be examined using a linear microprobe through both transverse and longitudinal scans. For each lung area, a 0- to 3-point score was given (total score ranging from 0-18).

Details
Condition Neonatal Respiratory Failure
Treatment Normal saline
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05194761
SponsorAin Shams University
Last Modified on26 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Ventilated babies with primary respiratory disease as the provisional and primary cause of intubation immediately post-extubation

Exclusion Criteria

Neurological, cardiac, surgical or metabolic problems affecting their respiration
Upper obstructive air way disease that might affect the success of extubation
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