Subthreshold Laser Treatment in Intermediate Age-related Macular Degeneration With Nascent Geographic Atrophy Study (LIANA)

  • End date
    Jul 31, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Center for Eye Research Australia
Updated on 26 March 2022
geographic atrophy
corrected visual acuity
retinal pigment
spectral domain optical coherence tomography


This study is a prospective, single centre, randomized, sham-controlled, double-masked, clinical trial which aims to investigate the effect of subthreshold nanosecond laser on disease progression in eyes with intermediate age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and nascent geographic atrophy by functional and anatomical outcomes.

The study population will be individuals with high-risk intermediate age-related macular degeneration who meet all eligibility criteria. 60 subjects total (30 randomized to receive subthreshold nanosecond laser (SNL) treatment and 30 to receive sham treatment as per the 1:1 randomization).

The study has a 12-month study period with four scheduled visits: screening, randomisation (first treatment), 6-month follow up visit (with second treatment where eligible), 12-month follow-up.

The primary outcome is the proportion of laser-treated study eyes that develop late AMD compared to sham-treated study eyes over 12 months. The key secondary outcome is the change in retinal function of laser-treated study eyes compared to sham-treated study eyes over 12 months. Safety will be the proportion of laser-treated eyes that lose 10+ letters of vision (measured on a standard vision chart) compared to sham-treated eyes over 12 months.

Condition Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Treatment 2RT subthreshold nanosecond laser
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05200624
SponsorCenter for Eye Research Australia
Last Modified on26 March 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Age 50 years or older at time of consent
Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 59 letters (Snellen equivalent of 6/19) or better in both eyes
Bilateral large (>125µm) drusen as seen on colour fundus photographs (CFP) as assessed within a circle with radius of 3000µm centred on the fovea
Between 1 to 5 (inclusive) discrete area/s of nascent geographic atrophy (nGA) as seen on SD-OCT B-scan/s within a 20°x20° volume scan centred on the fovea in the study eye NOTE: The non-study eye may have no nGA or any number of nGA lesions but not cRORA (on B-scan) or GA (on CFP)
Ability, willingness and sufficient cognitive awareness to consent to the trial, received randomized SNL treatment or sham procedure, and complete all visits as per the study schedule

Exclusion Criteria

A cluster of definitely present reticular pseudodrusen (RPD) of >1 disc area (DA) as seen on infrared (IR) imaging, or fundus autofluorescence (FAF) within a 20°x20° field centred on the fovea
Any evidence of definite geographic atrophy (GA)
Any evidence of OCT-atrophy greater than nGA i.e. complete RPE and outer retinal atrophy (cRORA) as determined on a SD-OCT 20°x20° volume scan centred on the fovea
Any evidence of active, regressed or treated macular neovascularization (MNV), in either eye, or active peripapillary CNV in the study eye (determined on multi-modal imaging and a fundus fluorescein angiogram is only required if in the investigator's medical judgement) NB: Subretinal fluid (SRF) <100µm or SRF associated with a subfoveal pseudovitelliform lesion permitted (i.e. slither/draping/ vitelliform with no evidence of new vessels on OCT-A) is not considered MNV and can be enrolled
A subfoveal pigment epithelial detachment (PED)/drusenoid detachment >1000µm in diameter (measured on the central B-scan) with hyperreflective foci (HRF) and increased choroidal transmission or any PED >2000µm measured at the central foveal B-scan
Any other investigational treatment for AMD, excluding dietary supplements, received in the past 12 months or thought, in the opinion of the investigator, likely to chronically change the course of the subject's retinal disease
Current participation in any other investigational ophthalmological clinical trial
Any ocular disease in the study eye, other than AMD, which in the opinion of the investigator may significantly compromise assessment of the retina, or which would compromise the ability to assess any effect following SNL treatment including, but not limited to
Diabetic retinopathy (unless limited to fewer than 10 microaneurysms and/or small retinal hemorrhages, without retinal thickening on OCT)
Macular pathology or pigmentary abnormalities atypical of AMD, including but not limited to: pattern dystrophy, myopic maculopathy, angioid streaks, resumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome, central serous choroidopathy, visually-significant epiretinal membranes, macular hole or pseudohole
Optic nerve pathology, including optic atrophy, history of optic neuropathy
Myopic crescent wider than 50% of the longest diameter of the optic disc, or closer than 1500 µm to the fovea
Retinal vascular diseases including branch or central vein or artery occlusion
Choroidal nevus within 2 disc diameters (DD) of the fovea associated with depigmentation or overlying drusen, if these drusen are used to determine eligibility
Active uveitis or ocular inflammation
History or presence of uncontrolled glaucoma
Intraocular pressure which would preclude safe dilation of the pupil to allow adequate assessment and application of SNL treatment
History of prior laser surgery to the retina including subthreshold laser (focal retinopexy for a peripheral break and/or focal retinal tears performed more than 90 days prior to the entry into the study is permitted)
Significant cataract or other ocular media which, in the opinion of the investigator, significantly limits the visual acuity or view of the retina
Previous retinal or ocular surgery, the effects of which may now or in the future complicate assessment of the progression of AMD. (Cataract surgery is allowed as long as it was performed over 90 days prior to entry into the study)
Known hypersensitivity to fluorescein
Sensitivity to application of a contact lens
Corneal pathology precluding visualization of fundus or increasing the risk of using a contact lens, such as corneal dystrophy, recurrent corneal erosion syndrome or sensitivity to the application of a contact lens
Use of any systemic or ocular medication known to be toxic to the retina, excluding tamoxifen unless there is evidence of toxicity
Pregnant or lactating women
Subject who is considered ineligible for this study in the investigator's medical judgment
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