A Prospective, One-arm and Open Clinical Study of Zanubrutinib in the Treatment of Immune Thrombocytopenia

  • End date
    Jun 30, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Zhang Lei
Updated on 25 March 2022
platelet count
steroid therapy


To evaluate the safety and efficacy of zanubrutinib in the treatment of immune thrombocytopenia in 30 patients.


Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an organ-specific autoimmune disease, which is characterized by decreased platelet count and skin and mucosal bleeding. ITP is a kind of disease with increased platelet destruction and impaired platelet production caused by autoimmunity. Conventional treatment of adult ITP includes first-line glucocorticoid and immunoglobulin therapy, second-line TPO and TPO receptor agonist, splenectomy and other immunosuppressive treatments (such as rituximab, vincristine, azathioprine, etc.). ITP is one of the most common hemorrhagic diseases. At present, the treatment response of ITP is not good, and a considerable number of patients need drug maintenance treatment, which seriously affects the quality of life of patients and increases the economic burden of patients. Therefore, there is still a lack of effective treatment for adult ITP, especially for refractory ITP patients, which is one of the problems that have attracted more attention and need to be solved urgently.

BTK inhibitors can affect autoimmune diseases (AID) involving B cells and non-B cells through B cell receptor, Fc receptor and RANK receptor signals, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), multiple sclerosis (MS) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) .Therefore, small molecule BTK inhibitors can treat autoimmune diseases by targeting B cells. At present, clinical studies on the treatment of immune thrombocytopenia with BTK inhibitor (BRN1008) have been carried out abroad. The preliminary results show that 50% of patients in the treatment ≥ 12 weeks and the initial dose is 400 mg BID group have reached the primary endpoint and maintained platelet response.

Zebutinib is a new selective Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor developed by Baekje Shenzhou Company of China. In November 2019, it was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to treat adult mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) patients who had received at least one treatment before. Compared with the first generation BTK inhibitors (ibutinib and acalabrutinib), zebutinib has stronger targeting and fewer adverse reactions.

Therefore, the investigators designed this clinical trial to provide new treatment options for clinical treatment of ITP.

Condition Immune Thrombocytopenia, Treatment
Treatment Zanubrutinib
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05214391
SponsorZhang Lei
Last Modified on25 March 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Age 18 and above, male or female;
Conform to the diagnostic criteria of immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP);
Diagnosis of ITP>3 months;
Primary ITP with a platelet count of <30 X 109/L prior to inclusion with failure to achieve response or relapse after corticosteroid therapy, and at least one second-line therapy including rituximab >12 weeks ago and/or TPO-RAs
Liver and kidney function, such as ALT, AST, BUN, SCR < 1.5 × upper limit of normal value, passing physical examination
ECOG physical state score ≤ 2 points;
Cardiac function of the New York Society of Cardiac Function ≤ 2;
Signed and dated written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

Uncontrollable primary diseases of important organs, such as malignant tumors, liver failure, heart failure, renal failure and other diseases
HIV positive
Accompanied by uncontrollable active infection, including hepatitis B, hepatitis C, cytomegalovirus, EB virus and syphilis positive
Accompanied by extensive and severe bleeding, such as hemoptysis, upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, intracranial hemorrhage, etc
At present, there are heart diseases, arrhythmias that need treatment or hypertension that researchers judge is poorly controlled
Patients with thrombotic diseases such as pulmonary embolism, thrombosis and atherosclerosis
Those who have received allogeneic stem cell transplantation or organ transplantation in the past
Patients with mental disorders who cannot normally obtain informed consent and conduct trials and follow-up
Patients whose toxic symptoms caused by pre-trial treatment have not disappeared
Other serious diseases that may limit the subject's participation in this test (such as diabetes; Severe cardiac insufficiency; Myocardial obstruction or unstable arrhythmia or unstable angina pectoris in recent 6 months; Gastric ulcer, etc.)
Patients with septicemia or other irregular severe bleeding
Patients taking antiplatelet drugs at the same time
Pregnant women, suspected pregnancies (positive pregnancy test for human chorionic gonadotropin in urine at screening) and lactating patients
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