Pharmacokinetic Boosting of Olaparib to Improve Exposure, Tolerance and Cost-effectiveness (PROACTIVE)

  • End date
    Dec 31, 2025
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Radboud University Medical Center
Updated on 7 October 2022
breast cancer
growth factor
treatment regimen
primary cancer


Olaparib is a poly-adenosine diphosphate ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, originally used for the maintenance treatment of women with platinum-sensitive relapsed breast cancer gene (BRCA)-mutated high grade serious epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancer, who are in response to platinum-based chemotherapy. Over the last two years, several therapeutic indications have been added to the drug label, such as first-line platinum-sensitive BRCA-mutated high grade serious epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancer, germline BRCA1/2-mutated, human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2-)negative, locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer and BRCA1/2-mutated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, who have progressed following prior therapy. Since olaparib is very expensive, this increase of treatment population will have a significant impact on health care expenditures.

To keep healthcare affordable and accessible for all patients, innovative strategies are warranted to reduce the dose of expensive drugs, without reduction of efficacy. For olaparib, pharmacokinetic (PK) boosting can be applied. PK boosting is the lay term for administering a non-therapeutic active strong inhibitor of a metabolic enzyme, for example the cytochrome p450 enzym 3A (CYP3A), together with a therapeutic drug that is metabolized by the same enzyme. Boosting thus increases the concentration of the therapeutic drug and allows lower doses to be administered to patients. Hence, coadministration of a reduced dose of olaparib with cobicistat, a non-therapeutic, strong inhibitor of the CYP3A can lead to equivalent exposure to olaparib. Furthermore, inhibition of CYP3A could lead to less PK variability since metabolic capacity is a prominent cause for (intra- and inter-individual) variability in systemic exposure. Predictable olaparib exposure will reduce the number of patients who are unintentionally under- or overtreated. Lastly, tumor tissue itself may express CYP3A as a detoxification or resistance mechanism. Theoretically, PK boosting may also overcome CYP3A-mediated drug resistance.

The purpose of this study is to establish the efficacy, safety and feasibility of co-administering olaparib with the PK booster cobicistat with the aim to implement boosting approach for olaparib in routine practice. The study is subdivided in two parts. In part A of the study the equivalent exposure of boosted low dose olaparib is determined compared to the normal dose. In part B of the study, non-inferiority of the boosted olaparib regimen will be confirmed.

Condition Cancer
Treatment olaparib, Cobicistat
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05078671
SponsorRadboud University Medical Center
Last Modified on7 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Subjects who are able and willing to provide written informed consent prior to screening
Age of 18 years or older
Able to measure the outcome of the study in this subject
Part A
Subjects who start or are on treatment with olaparib tablets 300mg twice daily, according to the drug label and physician's discretion
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1
Part B
Subjects who start on treatment with olaparib tablets 300mg twice daily, according to the drug label and physician's discretion
Expected to be on olaparib treatment for ≥ 3 months
ECOG performance status of 0-3

Exclusion Criteria

Concurrent use of other anti-cancer therapies
Concurrent use of potent inducers or inhibitors of the cytochrome p450 enzyme 3A3 (CYP3A4) as assessed with the Dutch drug database "G-Standaard" of the Royal Dutch Pharmacists Association(KNMP)
Known contra-indications for treatment with cobicistat in line with the summary of product characteristics
Subjects with renal insufficiency defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate < 50 ml/min
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