Role of Microbiome in BCG Responsiveness Prediction (SILENTEMPIRE)

  • End date
    Oct 20, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Cédric Poyet
Updated on 16 March 2022


Our primary aim is to investigate the use of microbial profile from the bladder and the feces of NMIBC patients as a predicting tool for therapy response prior to BCG administration.

Our second aim is to collect additional samples (blood, instrumented urine, bladder tissue, feces) to establish a local biobank for future microbiome projects.


The microbiome, defined as a characteristic microbial community occupying a reasonably well-defined environment (e.g. gut microbiome), has been increasingly linked with different medical conditions and also with cancer. While there have been numerous investigations into the gut bacterial ecosystem, scientists have started to pay attention to the microbiome of the bladder only recently. Results from newest investigations support the understanding that the bladder possesses its own microbiome and it is not germ-free. Studying the relationship between bladder cancer and bladder and gut microbiome may lead to new insights which can be used to predict tumor behavior and/or response to therapy.

With this project, we aim to investigate the use of microbial fingerprint from the bladder and from the feces of bladder cancer patients in predicting therapy response prior to administration of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin or BCG. BCG causes the body's own immune system to attack the bladder cancer cells. It is applied directly into the bladder to prevent the cancer from growing and from regrowing. However, in around 40% of patients this treatment is not successful, BCG should be avoided, and other therapy strategies should be chosen. Unfortunately, there is no test available yet, which help to select patients who will benefit from the therapy before the therapy is started.

In this project we intend to determine the microbial fingerprint and to analyze if this fingerprint can be used as a selection tool. This tool may enable as us in the future to avoid application of BCG therapy for patient with a high risk of therapy failure and save time to start alternative therapy options and hopefully avoid tumor progression. Our second aim is to collect additional samples (blood, instrumented urine, bladder tissue, feces) to establish a local biobank for future microbiome projects.

Condition Microbiome, Bladder Cancer
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05204199
SponsorCédric Poyet
Last Modified on16 March 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Signed informed consent
Ability to understand and follow study procedures and understand informed consent
age 18 - 90 years

Exclusion Criteria

Antibiotic treatment within the last month
Immuno-/chemotherapy within the past 6 months
Immunosuppressive therapy
Major medical, neoplastic (with the exception of skin cancer), surgical or psychiatric condition requiring ongoing management. Minor, well-controlled conditions, such as medically controlled arterial hypertension or occupational asthma, may be present
Additional major diagnosis known to affect the gut or bladder microbiota (e. g. liver cirrhosis, systemic sclerosis, inflammatory bowel disease, inflammatory bowel syndrome, celiac disease, neuropathic bladder)
Major past intestinal surgery, especially in small intestine or colon. Cholecystectomy, appendectomy, past perianal surgery or past hernia repair may be present
Major gastrointestinal symptoms (diarrhoea, constipation, abdominal pain, vomiting, unexplained weight loss, rectal bleeding or blood in the stool)
Bladder augmentation surgery
Indwelling urinary catheter
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