Study to Assess Adverse Events and Change in Disease State of Oral Venetoclax in Combination With Subcutaneous (SC) Azacitidine in Newly Diagnosed Adult Participants With Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Who Are Ineligible for Intensive Chemotherapy in China

  • End date
    Jul 26, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
Updated on 24 May 2022
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Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is one of the most aggressive blood cancers, with a very low survival rate and few options for participants who are unable to undergo intensive chemotherapy, the current standard of care. This study is to evaluate how safe the combination of azacitidine and venetoclax is and how effective the combination of azacitidine and venetoclax is in adult participants with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), in China. Adverse events and change in disease state will be assessed.

The combination of azacitidine and venetoclax is being evaluated in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Participants will receive azacitidine with increasing doses of venetoclax. Adult participants with a diagnosis of AML will be enrolled. Around 40 participants will be enrolled in the study in approximately 30 sites in China.

At cycle 1 during ramp-up period, participants will receive venetoclax oral tablets once daily in increasing doses until the study dose is achieved on day 3. Then ventoclax oral tablets will continue once daily thereafter. Azacitidine will be given by subcutaneous injection (SC) for 7 days beginning on Day 1 of each 28-day cycle.

There may be higher treatment burden for participants in this trial compared to their standard of care. Participants will attend regular visits during the study at a hospital or clinic. The effect of the treatment will be checked by medical assessments, blood tests, and checking for side effects.

Condition Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
Treatment Azacitidine, venetoclax
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05144243
Last Modified on24 May 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Confirmation of Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) diagnosis by World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, have a projected life expectancy of at least 12 weeks, previously untreated, and ineligible for treatment with intensive chemotherapy
Participant must be considered ineligible for induction therapy defined by the
>= 75 years of age
>=18 to 74 years of age with at least one of the following comorbidities
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 2 or 3
Cardiac history of congestive heart failure requiring treatment or ejection fraction <= 50% or chronic stable angina
Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) <= 65% or forced expiratory volume during the first second (FEV1) <= 65%
Creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min to < 45 mL/min
Moderate hepatic impairment with total bilirubin > 1.5 to <= 3.0 × upper limit of normal (ULN)
Any other comorbidity that the physician judges to be incompatible with intensive chemotherapy
Must meet the laboratory requirements per the protocol
Must have an ECOG performance status of
to 2 for subject ≥ 75 year of age; or
to 3 for subject ≥ 18 to 74 years of age
Female participant must not be pregnant or breastfeeding and is not considering
becoming pregnant or donating eggs during the study or for approximately 90
days after the last dose of study drug
Female participants of childbearing potential must agree to use at least 1 protocol-specified method of birth control and male participants, if sexually active with female partner(s) of childbearing potential, must agree to practice the protocol-specified contraception

Exclusion Criteria

History of any malignancies within 2 years prior to study entry with exception noted in the protocol
Have received any investigational drug 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug
Have received strong and/or moderate CYP3A inducers within 7 days prior to initiation of study treatment
Must not have received treatment with the following
An hypomethylating agent (HMA), venetoclax, and/or any chemotherapeutic agent for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)
Prior therapy or experimental therapies for MDS or Acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
Current participation in another research or observational study
Myeloproliferative neoplasm including myelofibrosis, essential thrombocythemia, polycythemia vera, chronic myeloid leukemia with or without BCR-ABL1 translocation, and AML with BCR-ABL1 translocation
Participant has acute promyelocytic leukemia
Participant has known active central nervous system (CNS) involvement with AML
Participant has a history of malabsorption syndrome or other condition that precludes enteral route of administration
Participant has known HIV infection (due to potential drug-drug interactions between antiretroviral medications and venetoclax) HIV testing will be performed at Screening, only if required per local guidelines or institutional standards
Active hepatitis B virus (HBV) and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV) with high viral titers. Participants with HBV inactive carrier status and/or HCV with low viral titers on antivirals (non-exclusionary medications) are eligible
Participant has consumed grapefruit, grapefruit products, Seville oranges (including marmalade containing Seville oranges) or Starfruit within 3 days prior to the initiation of study treatment
Participant has chronic respiratory disease that requires continuous oxygen, or significant history of renal, neurologic, psychiatric, endocrinologic, metabolic, immunologic, hepatic, cardiovascular disease, or any other medical condition or known hypersensitivity to any of the study medications including excipients of azacitidine that in the opinion of the investigator would adversely affect his/her participating in this study
Participant exhibits evidence of other clinically significant uncontrolled systemic infection requiring therapy (viral, bacterial or fungal)
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