A Study of Pyrotinib Plus Capecitabine Combined With SRT in HER2+ MBC With Brain Metastases

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Sep 30, 2024
  • participants needed
    362
  • sponsor
    Jiangxi Provincial Cancer Hospital
Updated on 15 March 2022

Summary

This study evaluates the efficacy and safety of SRT combined with pyrotinib and capecitabine in the treatment of patients with HER2-positive advanced breast cancer patients with brain metastases.

Description

Brain metastases occur in 30-50% of patients with metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer. In the case of multiple brain metastases, radiation therapy is the preferred therapeutic approaches. However, the side effects of WBRT for long-lived patients are also obvious, such as irreversible decline in cognitive function and decline in memory function. WBRT can also cause extensive hair loss and extensive white matter lesions on imaging. Pyrotinib as an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor has good efficacy and safety in patients with breast cancer brain metastases. Therefore, in order to reduce the impact of WBRT on the cognitive function, a phase II clinical study of SRT versus WBRT combined with pyrotinib and capecitabine in the treatment of MBC with brain metastases was carried out to explore the efficacy and safety of radiotherapy de-escalation therapy.

Details
Condition HER2-positive Metastatic Breast Cancer
Treatment radiation combined with pyrotinib and capecitabine
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05042791
SponsorJiangxi Provincial Cancer Hospital
Last Modified on15 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Age> 18 years old, female
KPS≥70
HER2-positive breast cancer is confirmed by the pathology laboratory with an immunohistochemical (IHC) score of 3+ and/or 2+ and a positive in situ hybridization (ISH) test (ISH amplification rate ≥ 2.0)
Brain metastasis confirmed by MRI, in line with the indications for whole brain radiotherapy
At least one measurable brain lesion exists according to the RECIST 1.1 standard
Unlimited number of previous chemotherapy lines
Have not used capecitabine in the past, or progressed 6 months after capecitabine stopped, or progressed after capecitabine as adjuvant therapy stopped for one year
The expected survival period is more than 12 weeks
Patients must have adequate organ function, criteria as follows
Blood routine examination:Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC)≥1.5×109/L;PLT ≥100×109/L; Hb ≥90g/L
Blood chemistry test:TBIL ≤1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN); ALT and AST≤3 times ULN; For patients with liver metastases, ALT and AST≤5×ULN; BUN and Cr≤1×ULN and creatinine clearance ≥50mL/min (CockcroftGault formula)
Ultrasonic cardiogram: LVEF≥50%
12-lead ECG: The QT interval (QTcF) corrected by Fridericia's method is < 470 ms
Patients with known hormone receptor status
Patients need to voluntarily join this study after they fully understand and sign the informed consent form. Patients need to have good compliance and be willing to cooperate with follow-up

Exclusion Criteria

Patients with brain metastases with extensive meningeal metastasis
Brain metastases within 5 mm of the hippocampus
There are many factors that affect the administration and absorption of drugs, for example: inability to swallow, chronic diarrhea and intestinal obstruction
Those who have received chemotherapy, surgical treatment (excluding local puncture) or molecular targeted therapy within 4 weeks before enrollment; those who have received anti-tumor endocrine therapy after the screening period
Participated in other drug clinical trials within 4 weeks before enrollment
Have used or are currently using HER2 tyrosine kinase inhibitors (lapatinib, niratinib, pyrotinib, etc.)
Suffered from other malignant tumors in the past 5 years, excluding cured cervical carcinoma in situ, skin basal cell carcinoma or skin squamous cell carcinoma
Receive any other anti-tumor therapy at the same time
Those who are known to have a history of allergies to the drug; have a history of immunodeficiency, including positive HIV tests, HCV, active hepatitis B, or other acquired or congenital immunodeficiency diseases, or organ transplants history
Have ever suffered from any heart disease, including: (1) arrhythmia requiring medication or clinical significance; (2) myocardial infarction; (3) heart failure; (4) anyone judged by the researcher as unsuitable for participation becase of other heart diseases in this trial, etc
Female patients during pregnancy and lactation, female patients with fertility and a positive baseline pregnancy test, or female patients of childbearing age who are unwilling to take effective contraceptive measures during the entire trial period
According to the judgment of the investigator, there are accompanying diseases that seriously endanger the safety of the patient or affect the completion of the study (including but not limited to severe hypertension that cannot be controlled by drugs, severe diabetes, active infection, etc.)
The patient has not recovered from the toxicity of the previous treatment to grade 0-1 (except for hair loss)
Have a clear history of neurological or psychiatric disorders, including epilepsy or dementia
Concomitant use of CYP3A4 inhibitors or inducers or drugs that prolong the QT interval
Any other circumstances that are not suitable for inclusion in this study (investigator assessment)
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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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