Physical Exercise as Adjunctive Therapy for Affective Disorder and Anxiety

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jun 24, 2024
  • participants needed
    50
  • sponsor
    Region Stockholm
Updated on 24 March 2022
anxiety
a 12
somatic symptoms

Summary

"Braining" is a clinical method for physical exercise as adjunctive therapy in psychiatric care. The core components are personnel-led group training sessions and motivating contact with psychiatric staff, as well as measurement and evaluation before and after the training period of 12 weeks.

Objective. This study aims to describe the clinical and demographic variables in the population of patients who participated in Braining 2017-2020, investigate the feasibility of Braining, and analyse perceived short-term effects and side effects of Braining regarding psychiatric and somatic symptoms.

Method. The project is a retrospective, descriptive study. Patients at Psykiatri Sydväst (PSV, Psychiatric Clinic Psychiatry Southwest, Stockholm) who participated in Braining 2017-2020 during at least 3 training sessions, will be asked for inclusion. Medical and demographic data, as well as patient treatment evaluations, are already available in medical records.

Description

The method "Braining" is a clinical invention that helps patients to initiate and execute physical exercise (PE) regularly in psychiatric care. The core components are basic high performance group training sessions and motivational work led by the psychiatric staff. Braining is used as add-on treatment to regular psychiatric care (treatment as usual; TAU) and is included in the patient care plan. Braining is unique in that it:

  1. Includes trained psychiatric clinical staff leading group exercise sessions together with patients from both out- and inpatient ward units in daily, high endurance group training sessions.
  2. Is included in regular healthcare fee (free of charge).
  3. Includes a motivational and educational visit (as either a group seminar or as an individual visit) at the start and end of a training period; usually 12 weeks.
  4. Includes regular measurements (self-assessment questionnaires, blood samples, physical and mental health examination and education before and after the twelve week training period).
  5. Includes short individual motivating visits before every training session, including assessment of day shape and fitness to participate.

The scientific purpose of the project is to:

  • Describe clinical and demographic variables in patients participating in Braining 2017-2020.
  • Investigate the feasibility of the Braining method (PE together with staff as adjunctive therapy in Psychiatric care).
  • Analyse perceived short-term effects and side effects of Braining regarding psychiatric and somatic symptoms (degree of psychiatric symptoms, changes in molecular and cardiovascular parameters, lifestyle patterns, level of functioning and perceived quality of life). Also, if possible, provide an estimate of what long-term effects that might be expected in coming long-term clinical follow-ups.

Specific goals:

All patients at PSV who participated in Braining 2017-2020 during at least 3 training sessions and do not meet the exclusion criteria will be asked for inclusion. For this population the investigators plan to describe:

  • Demographic and medical variables (such as diagnosis, age, gender, functional level, staff-assessed severity of psychiatric disease, self-assessment scales for symptoms of depression, mania / hypomania, and anxiety, self-assessed health-related quality of life, degree of sick leave, ongoing pharmacological treatment, ongoing CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy), need for emergency visits, inpatient care, suicidal attempts).
  • Feasibility of the Braining method. Evaluation of the degree of participation in Braining (such as number of training sessions performed, participation over time, differences between subgroups, possible incidents) as well as the participants' experience of Braining (based on surveys and follow-up interviews: positive or negative subjective assessments of the method, to what extent is the method recommended to other patients). Adverse events.
  • Differences before and after Braining in terms of statistically significant change in [I] degree of psychiatric symptoms and function, [II] cardio metabolic factors such as blood pressure, BMI, waist measurement, weight, [III] molecular parameters such as serum concentration of blood lipids, fasting blood sugar, HbA1c, CRP, [IV] health-related quality of life, [V] level of social function (such as work/study/sick leave) and care needs (such as need of inpatient care, medicine, emergency visits), [VI] assessed severity of psychiatric disorder, [VII] lifestyle patterns such as exercise, sleep, diet, substance use.

Details
Condition Depression, Physical Inactivity, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety Disorders, Anxiety, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, ADHD, Autism, Social Phobia, Panic Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Personality Disorders, Insomnia, Stress
Treatment Braining
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05157386
SponsorRegion Stockholm
Last Modified on24 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

• ≥3 training sessions during the years 2017-2020

Exclusion Criteria

<3 training sessions during the years 2017-2020
Does not speak Swedish
Care in accordance with the Compulsory Mental Care Act (Lagen om psykiatrisk tvångsvård, LPT)
Total lack of data at the start of participation in Braining
Deceased
Clear my responses

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