IOL-capsular Complex After Different Intraocular Lenses Implantation in Patients With High Myopia

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    71
  • participants needed
    40
  • sponsor
    Wenzhou Medical University
Updated on 14 March 2022

Summary

The IOL-capsular complex is formed after cataract surgery and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Early postoperative mechanical wrapping of the anterior and posterior capsules plays a significant role in preventing IOL decentration and tilt, as well as formation of the IOL-capsular complex which reduces the incidence of posterior cataract opacity. IOL decentration ≥ 0.4 mm or/and IOL tilt ≥7degree were considered clinically significant cause of poor post-surgery visual quality especially for optical sophisticated IOLs. This negative impact does not affect various types of IOLs equally. Several studies indicated that AL was an independent risk factor of IOL decentration and tilt for emmetropic or moderate myopic eyes. For patients with high myopia, they often have a longer axial length and a larger capsule diameter, which reduces the rotational stability of the IOL and may lead to tilt, decentration and displacement of IOL. Currently, there is no literature guidance to compare the results of cataract surgery combined various types of IOLs implantation in patients with high myopia. The novel anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) device, CASIA2 can evaluate the IOL capsule bending and the lens position after cataract surgery. Also, CASIA2 can be used to documented the dynamic changes of IOL-capsular complex after surgery.

Description

The IOL-capsular complex is formed after cataract surgery and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Early postoperative mechanical wrapping of the anterior and posterior capsules plays a significant role in preventing IOL decentration and tilt, as well as formation of the IOL-capsular complex which reduces the incidence of posterior cataract opacity. Although up to 2-3 degree tilt and a 0.2-0.3 mm decentration are common and clinically unnoticed for any design of IOL, larger extent of tilt and decentration has a negative impact on the optical performance. IOL decentration ≥ 0.4 mm or/and IOL tilt ≥7degree were considered clinically significant cause of poor post-surgery visual quality especially for optical sophisticated IOLs. This negative impact does not affect various types of IOLs equally. Several studies indicated that AL was an independent risk factor of IOL decentration and tilt for emmetropic or moderate myopic eyes. However, there is scarce evidence on characteristics and factors associated with clinically significant IOL decentration and tilt in highly myopic eyes. For patients with high myopia, they often have a longer axial length and a larger capsule diameter, which reduces the rotational stability of the IOL and may lead to tilt, decentration and displacement of IOL. Currently, there is no literature guidance to compare the results of cataract surgery combined various types of IOLs implantation in patients with high myopia. The novel anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) device, CASIA2 can evaluate the IOL capsule bending and the lens position after cataract surgery. Also, CASIA2 can be used to documented the dynamic changes of IOL-capsular complex after surgery.

Details
Condition Age-related Cataract
Treatment one-piece, plate-haptic
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05255796
SponsorWenzhou Medical University
Last Modified on14 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

The patients are diagnosed age related cataract or complicated cataract with axial length over 26mm
The patients' age over 18 years old
The patients plan to receive cataract surgery in Eye hospital of Wenzhou Medical University
The dialated pupils are over 6mm
Patients are willing and able to complete the follow-ups

Exclusion Criteria

Patients with other types of cataract
Patients have complications in the surgery and after surgery
Patients have other severe diseases of eyes
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