Direct Oral Anticoagulants for the Treatment of Cerebral Venous Thrombosis (DOAC-CVT)

  • End date
    Jul 14, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA)
Updated on 14 March 2022


Rationale: Patients with cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) are currently treated with anticoagulants during 3-12 months after diagnosis, to prevent worsening of the CVT and recurrent thrombosis, and to promote venous recanalization. Until recently, patients were generally treated with vitamin K antagonists (VKA). Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are more practical in use than VKA and carry a lower risk of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in other conditions. One of the burning clinical questions is whether CVT patients can be safely treated with DOACs instead of VKA. In 2019, the first randomized trial on the safety and efficacy of DOACs in CVT was published (RESPECT-CVT). This exploratory study included 120 patients and the results suggest that DOACs can be safely used to treat CVT. Following RESPECT-CVT, use of DOACs to treat CVT is expected to rise, but given the limited sample size and strict selection criteria of RESPECT-CVT, additional data regarding the efficacy and safety of DOACs in CVT are required, especially from routine clinical care.

Objective: To assess the safety and efficacy of DOACs for the treatment of CVT in a real-world setting.

Study design: DOAC-CVT will be an international, prospective, comparative cohort study. We aim to recruit 500 patients and anticipating a 3:2 ratio in DOAC:VKA use, we expect that in total 300 patients treated with a DOAC will be included.

Study population: Patients are eligible if they are >18 years old, have a radiologically confirmed CVT, and have started oral anticoagulant treatment (DOAC or VKA) within 30 days of CVT diagnosis.

Primary study endpoint: The primary endpoint is a composite of major bleeding (according to the criteria of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis) AND symptomatic recurrent venous thrombosis after 6 months of follow-up.

Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation: This is an observational study which poses no risk or burden to the participant. Only data that are collected as part of routine clinical care will be used.

Condition Cerebral Venous Thrombosis
Treatment Oral Anticoagulant
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04660747
SponsorAcademisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA)
Last Modified on14 March 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Written informed consent for the use of observational data
Radiologically confirmed CVT diagnosis (CT-venography, MRI or catheter angiography)
Oral anticoagulant treatment (DOAC or VKA) started within 30 days of CVT diagnosis (patient may initially be treated with heparin)

Exclusion Criteria

Pregnancy or lactation
Mechanical heart valve
Severe renal insufficiency (defined as an eGFR <15 ml/min)
Severe liver disease resulting in clinically relevant coagulopathy
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