Last updated on February 2018

Colony-Stimulating Factor-1 (CSF-1) and Other Cytokines in Human Endometrial Carcinogenesis

Brief description of study

The purposes of this study are the following:

  1. To further characterize and quantify both CSF-1 and colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor (CSF-1R) expression from additional tumor specimens, specifically, tumors of high grade and from metastatic sites.
  2. To assay using Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay (ELISA) sandwich monoclonal antibody methodology, CSF-1 expression in the peritoneal fluid and blood from patients with endometrial adenocarcinomas.
  3. Using immunohistochemistry, to evaluate the presence of staining for CSF-1 and CSF-1R from additional patients with endometrial adenocarcinomas, especially of high grades and from metastatic sites.
  4. To determine the extent of cytokine, specifically CSF-1, but also interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-6, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), production, in endometrial carcinoma cells in primary cell culture.
  5. To determine the responsiveness of epithelial cells on estrogen and antiestrogen binding, to determine if CSF-1 production is mediated, in these cells, by estrogen receptor binding, or alternative pathways of intracellular/cell-cell signal transduction.
  6. The ultimate objective of these experiments is to characterize CSF-1 expression from benign and tumor cells in order to identify steps in the CSF-1 activated signalling pathways that may represent potential targets for therapy.

Detailed Study Description

These experiments, taken together, should critically determine if there is a role for the CSF-1/ c-fms autocrine, endocrine, or paracrine loop in the progression of endometrial adenocarcinoma. If so, alterations in this loop may provide novel medical therapies for this disease. Additionally, these experiments will determine which are the predominant cytokines expressed in these tumors, and will help the investigators to determine the role, if any, these cytokines play in cancer cell growth and proliferation in relationship with each other and within and outside of the estrogen-mediated pathways.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT00250770

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University of New Mexico

Albuquerque, NM United States
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