Extracorporeal Photopheresis and Mogamulizumab for the Treatment of Erythrodermic Cutaneous T Cell Lymphoma

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Nov 15, 2023
  • participants needed
    24
  • sponsor
    City of Hope Medical Center
Updated on 7 October 2022
metastases
antibiotics
cancer
lymphoma
monoclonal antibodies
serum pregnancy test
measurable disease
bone marrow procedure
white blood cells
neutrophil count
tumor cells
immunoglobulin
skin biopsy
sezary syndrome
microscopic examination
extracorporeal photopheresis
mycosis

Summary

This phase II trial studies the effect of extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) and mogamulizumab in treating patients with erythrodermic cutaneous T cell lymphoma (CTCL), a type of skin lymphoma. CTCL is a rare type of cancer that begins in the white blood cells called T cells. Erythrodermic is a widespread red rash that may cover most of the body. ECP is a medical treatment that removes blood with a machine, isolates white blood cells and exposes them to ultra violet light, then returns the cells to the body. Mogamulizumab is a monoclonal antibody that may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Giving mogamulizumab with ECP may work together to kill the tumor cells directly (with mogamulizumab) and boost immune response to cancer (with ECP).

Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To assess tolerability and overall response rate (ORR) of the (ECP)/mogamulizumab regimen in CTCL patients previously untreated with mogamulizumab.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate complete response (CR) rate, time to response, duration of response, progression free survival, and overall survival in CTCL patients treated with the ECP/mogamulizumab combination.

II. To summarize the toxicities in CTCL patients treated with the ECP/mogamulizumab combination.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess quality of life (QoL) parameters before, during, and after the regimen.

II. To evaluate the anti-tumor and immunomodulatory effects of mogamulizumab in the CTCL microenvironment in skin and blood samples of erythrodermic CTCL patients.

III. To evaluate the immunomodulatory effects of ECP.

OUTLINE

Patients receive mogamulizumab intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, 22, of cycle 1 and days 1 and 15 of subsequent cycles. Beginning in cycle 2, patients also undergo ECP over 3 hours on days 8, 9, 22,and 23. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving complete response (CR)/partial response (PR) after 6 cycles receive up to 6 additional cycles of treatment in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days, then for up to 12 months.

Details
Condition Folliculotropic Mycosis Fungoides, Primary Cutaneous T-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Sezary Syndrome, Stage IB Mycosis Fungoides and Sezary Syndrome AJCC v8, Stage II Mycosis Fungoides and Sezary Syndrome AJCC v8, Stage IIA Mycosis Fungoides and Sezary Syndrome AJCC v8, Stage IIB Mycosis Fungoides and Sezary Syndrome AJCC v8, Transformed Mycosis Fungoides
Treatment questionnaire administration, quality-of-life assessment, Extracorporeal Photopheresis, Mogamulizumab
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04930653
SponsorCity of Hope Medical Center
Last Modified on7 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Documented informed consent of the participant and/or legally authorized representative
Assent, when appropriate, will be obtained per institutional guideline
Agreement to allow the use of archival tissue from diagnostic tumor biopsies
If unavailable, exceptions may be granted with study principal investigator (PI) approval
Age: >= 18 years
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) =< 2
Histologically confirmed mycosis fungoides (MF) or Sezary syndrome (SS). Safety lead-in: >= stage IIB OR >= stage IB-IIA folliculotropic/transformed MF. Phase 2: >= stage IB
Stage of disease according to Tumor-Node-Metastasis-Blood (TNMB) classification
Pathology report must be diagnostic or be consistent with MF/SS criteria
SS is defined as meeting T4 plus B2 criteria; where the biopsy of erythrodermic skin may only reveal suggestive but not diagnostic histopathologic features, the diagnosis may be based on either node biopsy or fulfillment of B2 criteria
For MF where the histological diagnosis by light microscopic examination is not confirmed, diagnostic criteria that been recommended by the International Society of Cutaneous Lymphomas (ISCL) should be used
Measurable disease per Modified Severity Weighted Assessment Tool (mSWAT) and/or
Sezary count
Baseline skin biopsy taken within 6 months available for central review submission
Without bone marrow involvement: Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mm^3 (performed within 7 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
NOTE: Growth factor is not permitted within 14 days of ANC assessment unless cytopenia is secondary to disease involvement
With bone marrow involvement: ANC >= 1,000/mm^3 (performed within 7 days prior to day
of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
NOTE: Growth factor is not permitted within 14 days of ANC assessment unless cytopenia is secondary to disease involvement
Without bone marrow involvement: Platelets >= 100,000/mm^3 (performed within 7 days
prior to day 1 of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
NOTE: Platelet transfusions are not permitted within 14 days of platelet assessment unless cytopenia is secondary to disease involvement
With bone marrow involvement: Platelets >= 75,000/mm3 (performed within 7 days prior
to day 1 of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
NOTE: Platelet transfusions are not permitted within 14 days of platelet assessment unless cytopenia is secondary to disease involvement
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (unless has Gilbert's
disease)(performed within 7 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy unless
otherwise stated)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x ULN (unless has Gilbert's disease)(performed within 7 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN (unless has Gilbert's disease)(performed within 7 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
Creatinine clearance of >= 60 mL/min per 24 hour urine test or the Cockcroft-Gault formula (unless has Gilbert's disease) (performed within 7 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
If not receiving anticoagulants: International normalized ratio (INR) OR prothrombin (PT) =< 1.5 x ULN (performed within 7 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
If on anticoagulant therapy: PT must be within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants (performed within 7 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
If not receiving anticoagulants: Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 x ULN (performed within 7 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
If on anticoagulant therapy: aPTT must be within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants (performed within 7 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV), active hepatitis B virus (HBV) (surface antigen negative), and syphilis (rapid plasma reagin [RPR])
If positive, hepatitis C ribonucleic acid (RNA) quantitation must be performed
Meets other institutional and federal requirements for infectious disease titer
requirements
Note Infectious disease testing to be performed within 28 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy
Subjects with MF and a history of staphylococcus colonization are eligible provided
they continue to receive stable doses of prophylactic antibiotics
Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP): negative urine or serum pregnancy test If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
Agreement by females and males of childbearing potential to use an effective method of birth control or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through at least 3 months after the last dose of protocol therapy
Childbearing potential defined as not being surgically sterilized (men and women) or have not been free from menses for > 1 year (women only)

Exclusion Criteria

Prior mogamulizumab
Any systemic therapy, including monoclonal antibody within 28 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is shorter) of initiating protocol therapy
Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, biological therapy, immunotherapy within 21 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy
Any skin-directed therapy within 14 days prior to initiating protocol therapy
Any radiation therapy within 21 days prior to initiating protocol therapy
Immunosuppressive medication within 14 days prior to the first dose of study treatment. The following are exceptions to this criterion
Intranasal, inhaled, topical or local steroid injections (e.g., intra-articular injection) and are on stable dose for at least 28 days
Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses of < 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent
Live, attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose protocol therapy
Disease free of prior malignancies for >= 5 years with the exception of
Currently treated squamous cell and basal cell carcinoma of the skin, or
Carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or
Surgically removed melanoma in situ of the skin (stage 0) with histological confirmed free margins of excision, or
Prostate cancer (T1a or T1b using the TNM [tumor, nodes, metastasis] clinical staging system) that has/have been surgically cured, or
Any other malignancy that has/have been curatively treated with surgery and/or localized radiation
Active infection requiring antibiotics
Known hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection
Other active malignancy
Females only: Pregnant or breastfeeding
Prior stem cell transplantation
Acute infection requiring systemic treatment
Conditions requiring chronic steroid or immunosuppressive treatment that likely need additional steroid or immunosuppressive treatments in addition to the protocol therapy
Renal failure requiring hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis
Unstable cardiac disease as defined by one of the following
Cardiac events such as myocardial infarction (MI) within the past 6 months
NYHA (New York Heart Association) heart failure class III-IV
Uncontrolled atrial fibrillation or hypertension
Major surgery (as defined by the investigator) within the 28 days prior to the first
dose of study treatment
Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders requiring therapy within the past 3 years prior to the start of treatment. The following are exceptions to this criterion
Vitiligo or alopecia
Hypothyroidism (e.g., following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement; or
Psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment
History of primary immunodeficiency
Any other condition that would, in the Investigator's judgment, contraindicate the patient's participation in the clinical study due to safety concerns with clinical study procedures
Prospective participants who, in the opinion of the investigator, may not be able to comply with all study procedures (including compliance issues related to feasibility/logistics)
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