Comparison of PD1+T Cell Expression in Peripheral Blood for Cardiac Function Prognosis in Patients With Acute MI

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    Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University
Updated on 1 February 2023
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Comparison of high PD1+ T cell and low PD1+ T cell expression in peripheral blood for cardiac function prognosis in Patients with acute myocardial infarction


Myocardial infarction is a serious common disease in human beings. Although many patients with acute myocardial infarction survive with the improvement of medical technology in recent years, studies have shown that cardiac remodeling caused by myocardial remodeling after myocardial infarction can still lead to heart failure. Severe heart failure is the main cause of death. Myocardial infarction is a process in which multiple cells interact and participate in post-infarction repair. The pathophysiological processes include early angiogenesis, myocardial compensatory hypertrophy and chronic rational myocardial remodeling and fibrosis. Accordingly, how immune inflammatory cells regulate angiogenesis and fibroblast activation during chronic myocardial remodeling are important therapeutic targets for improving the prognosis of myocardial infarction.Each phase after myocardial infarction has its characteristic pathophysiological changes. Studies have shown that immune inflammatory cells T cells are involved in the whole process of regulating the repair of myocardial infarction. Immune studies have shown that PD1/PD-L1, as a second stimulation signaling pathway besides the antigen TCR of T cells, has the ability to inhibit THE activity of T cells, so the inhibition of PD1/PD-L1 has become a research hotspot in the field of tumor therapy. A large number of studies have focused on the regulation mechanism of PD1/PD-L1 signaling pathway in tumor immune cell activity. Regarding PD1/PD-L1 as the mechanism of immune cell function change in non-tumor lesions, studies based on primary pulmonary hypertension and sarcoidosis have shown that PD1-positive CD4+ cells exhibit a process of promoting fibrosis. Therefore, blocking PD1 antibody can inhibit and improve pulmonary fibrosis. These data suggest that PD1 positive cells are involved in the pathologic process of pulmonary fibrosis. Preliminary data showed that PD1 expression levels were differentiated in peripheral blood of patients with acute myocardial infarction. Further study on the expression and corresponding role of PD1/PD-L1 signaling pathway in ventricular remodeling may provide a new target for the treatment of myocardial infarction remodeling.

This is a perspective, self-controlled cohort study. This study aims to Compare high PD1+ T cell and low PD1+ T cell expression in peripheral blood for cardiac function prognosis in Patients with acute myocardial infarction.

Condition PD1, Acute Myocardial Infarction
Treatment PD1+ T Cell Expression
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05251987
SponsorSecond Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University
Last Modified on1 February 2023

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