ADAPT Transcatheter Aortic Valve Intervention (TAVI & Chronic Total Occlusion Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (CTO PCI) (ADAPT)

  • End date
    Jan 1, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Erasmus Medical Center
Updated on 9 August 2022


Rationale: The choice of antithrombotic regimen during TAVI and CTO PCI includes the use of unfractionated heparin. The accuracy of ACT in this setting is disputed. ACT has never been compared to a point-of-care aPTT test for monitoring anticoagulation during percutaneous cardiac interventions.

Objective: The aim of the present study is to evaluate which point-of-care test (ACT or aPTT) gives the best correlation with the coagulation status in patients, defined with the anti-Xa measurement.

Study design: A Single-center, prospective, observational study Study population: patients undergoing TAVI (Cohort A) or CTO PCI (Cohort B) in the Erasmus University Medical Center

Main study parameters/endpoints: The main study endpoints are the correlation between the ACT and APTT point-of-care- tests and the coagulation status, defined as the laboratory anti-Xa measurement.


The choice of antithrombotic regimen during TAVI and CTO PCI includes the use of unfractionated heparin. Heparin is the preferred anticoagulant drug in these percutaneous cardiac interventions aiming for an Activated Clotting Time (ACT) > 200sec or 250seconds depending on the procedure. Heparin has a short half-life time and can be neutralized by protamine.

Monitoring the use of unfractionated heparin during TAVI and PCI can be performed with several measurements, like the ACT and aPTT. To measure ACT, an activator is mixed with whole blood to provide a timing of haemostasis. aPTT is a plasma test in which a surface activator is used to measure the time it takes to form a fibrin clot. In nearly every center ACT is the preferred method because of its ease of use and the assumed reliability. ACT-guided heparin regime during TAVI seems effective in minimizing major bleeding events.

There are limited studies focussing on the difference between ACT- and aPTT measurements. The studies which investigated this difference are merely done in patients with continuous heparin infusions, for example in the setting of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO). These studies suggest that there is a better correlation between aPTT and dosage heparin than between ACT and heparin. Also, the correlation between ACT and aPTT seems poor.

The accuracy and correlation of ACT with a point-of-care aPTT test for monitoring the anticoagulation effect of unfractionated heparin has so far not been done in the setting of percutaneous interventions. TAVI requires large bore arterial access and is associated with a relevant frequency of access site related bleeding and vascular complications. CTO procedures often require dual arterial access and the use of different strategies with multiple wires which increases the prevalence of vascular complications, including pericardial effusion.

Precise knowledge of actual anticoagulation status during an invasive procedure and at the time of access site closure may affect the incidence of TAVI and CTO PCI related bleeding complications.

Therefore, the aim of the present study is to evaluate which point-of-care test (ACT or aPTT) gives the best correlation with the coagulation status in patients during TAVI and CTO PCI.

Condition Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Treatment activated partial thrombin time
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05259241
SponsorErasmus Medical Center
Last Modified on9 August 2022


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Inclusion Criteria

All patients undergoing a TAVI-procedure
All patients undergoing a CTO PCI procedure

Exclusion Criteria

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