Efficacy of Cranial Manual Therapy in the Treatment of Chronic Insomnia Disorder

  • End date
    Sep 13, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Escoles Universitaries Gimbernat
Updated on 13 March 2022
sleep disorder
chronic insomnia


Insomnia is the most prevalent sleep disorder in society. The first treatment of choice is pharmacology, although it can have secondary effects such as tolerance and dependence, or alter the structure of sleep; therefore, new pathways towards other adjuvant treatments are being established. OBJECTIVES: The main objective is "To assess the effectiveness of manual cranial therapy on the quantity and quality of sleep in patients with chronic insomnia." MATERIAL AND METHODS: A randomized clinical trial is designed, with two groups, intervention and placebo, to assess the effectiveness of manual therapy applied to the skull, in the severity of insomnia, and quantity and quality of sleep in patients with sleep disorder. chronic insomnia. Health professionals will be selected from the Department of Occupational Health, with characteristics of chronic insomnia described by the ICSD-III, who do not modify their usual medication regimen (if they take it) and without other pathologies related to sleep that may be causing the insomnia. insomnia Demographic data (age, sex, profession), clinical (BMI, history of previous and family insomnia pathologies, and taking medication for sleep and related disorders), sleep quality questionnaires (PSQI, COS, ISI) will be collected. , stress-insomnia relationship (FISRST-S), and quality of life (SF12), in addition to filling out a sleep diary (through the mobile App) and recording activity through actigraphy, hypnogram (Sleep ProfilerTM); before and after the intervention, and at one and three month follow-up. Each group will receive the offered intervention: cranial manual therapy (intervention) or cranial massage (placebo). The data will be coded and analyzed with the IBM SPSS® version 20 program (or similar)

Condition Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
Treatment Placebo Therapy, Osteopathic Medicine
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05257317
SponsorEscoles Universitaries Gimbernat
Last Modified on13 March 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Diagnosed with chronic insomnia disorder according to the criteria defined by the ICSD-III (International Classification of Sleep Disorders-3rd edition)
Problems initiating or maintaining sleep, associated with daytime consequences; and not attributable to environmental circumstances
Insomnia lasting more than 3 months, with episodes of at least 3 times a week
Regarding the pharmacology or medication indicated for sleep
They do not want to take the medication recommended by the doctor who is treating them
Do not change their usual drug regimen, if they were already taking medication to sleep
They are not taxed to take medication
Having ruled out other pathologies related to sleep through
Respiratory polygraphy to rule out sleep-related respiratory pathologies (SAHS)
screening to rule out motor sleep disorders
screening to rule out circadian sleep disorders
screening to rule out serious psychiatric disorders (depression, anxiety, general psychopathology): BDI-II (Beck Depression Inventory), BAI (Beck Anxiety Inventory), SCL-90
Obtain a score greater than 7 points (clinical-subclinical insomnia)

Exclusion Criteria

Obtain a score of less than 7 (clinically insignificant insomnia) in the ISI test (Insomnia Severity Index)
The result of the respiratory polygraphy is positive, confirming a sleep-disordered breathing
The screening tests for the detection of motor sleep disorders, respiratory sleep disorders or circadian disorders are positive
The Screening detects serious psychiatric illnesses such as major depressive disorder or bipolar disorders is positive
Suffering or having suffered from any central neurological pathology, stroke, aneurysm
Having suffered skull fractures
Having undergone surgery in the last 6 months and that insomnia has started as a result of it
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