Neoadjuvant FOLFOXIRI Versus Immediate Surgery for Stage II and III Colon Cancers

  • End date
    Dec 23, 2026
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Sun Yat-sen University
Updated on 23 March 2022



In patients with high risk stage II and stage III colon cancer (CC), curative surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy with FOLFOX or CAPOX regimens has become a standard treatment. However, 20 to 30 % of these patients will develop distant metastasis, which ultimately result in death. Perioperative chemotherapy is a promising strategy with potential benefits that could be more effective at eradicating micrometastases. Moreover, shrinking tumor before surgery not only facilitate removal of all the tumor by the surgeon but also reduce tumor cell spreading during the procedure. With recent advances in radiology, preoperative computed tomography allows a good prediction of tumor stage (wall penetration and nodal involvement) prior to surgery. The investigators conducted the present randomized study to explore whether perioperative chemotherapy with FOLFOXIRI regimen compared with postoperative chemotherapy could improve disease-free survival in patients with radiologically staged, High-risk, but resectable Stage II or III colon cancer.


The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of perioperative chemotherapy with FOLFOXIRI regimen compared to postoperative chemotherapy in patients with High-risk Resectable Stage II and III colon cancer. Secondary objectives are efficacy in terms of R0 resection rate, overall survival (OS), relapse-free survival (RFS), down-staging of primary tumors, and tolerability of perioperative therapy and postoperative complications.


This trial is a a two-arm, multicenter, open labelled, prospective, randomized phase III studies. Eligible patients with High-risk Resectable Stage II and III (T4 or T3 with extramural depth≧5 mm) colon cancer patients will be randomly assigned, in a 2:1 ratio, to receive either perioperative or postoperative chemotherapy.

Condition Colon Cancer Stage II, Colon Cancer Stage III
Treatment colectomy, Adjuvant chemotherapy, neoadjuvant chemotherapyI
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05194878
SponsorSun Yat-sen University
Last Modified on23 March 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Histologically proven adenocarcinoma or high grade dysplasia on histology plus unequivocal radiological evidence of invasive cancer of the colon(≥ 12 cm from the anal verge)
pMMR in immunohistochemical detection or MSI-H in MSI test
Determined preoperatively by either spiral or multidetector CT: high risk T3 (tumor disruption of muscle wall and extension into pericolic fat with more than 5 mm protrusion into adjacent mesenteric fat) or T4 (tumor penetrates to the surface of the visceral peritoneum or directly invades or is adherent to adjacent organs or structures)
Patients presenting with acute colonic obstruction may enter the trial only after obstruction is relieved by a successful defunctioning stoma, and when recovered to a fitness level consistent with the other eligibility criteria
Adequate full blood count: WBC >3.0 x109/l; Plts >100 x109/l. Anaemia (Hb < 10.0 g/dl) is not an exclusion, but should be corrected by transfusion prior to surgery and chemotherapy. If Hb remains low despite transfusions, surgery and chemotherapy can be given at the decision of the surgical and oncology teams
Adequate renal biochemistry: serum creatinine was less than 1.5 times the normal value
Adequate hepatobiliary function: serum total bilirubin and ALT were less than 1.5 times the normal value
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1

Exclusion Criteria

Any patient for whom radiotherapy is advised by the MDT
Strong evidence of distant metastases or peritoneal nodules (M1)
dMMR in immunohistochemical detection or MSI-L/MS-S in MSI test
Peritonitis (secondary to perforated tumour)
Colonic obstruction that has not been defunctioned
Serious medical comorbidity, eg uncontrolled inflammatory bowel disease, uncontrolled angina or recent (<6 months) MI
Another serious medical condition judged to compromise ability to tolerate neoadjuvant therapy and/or surgery
Any other malignant disease within the preceding 5 years with the exception of non-melanomatous skin cancer, carcinoma in situ and early stage disease with a recurrence risk <5%
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