Efficacy and Safety of Valerian Root Extract and Lavender Essential Oil Combination, Over 4 Weeks in Subjects With Sleep Complaints (PHYTOSOM)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Nov 23, 2022
  • participants needed
    114
  • sponsor
    University Hospital, Bordeaux
Updated on 23 March 2022

Summary

Several epidemiologic studies have clearly shown that sleep complaints are very common in the general population. It involves a predominant complaint of a nonrestorative sleep or dissatisfaction with sleep quality or duration and it is accompanied by difficulties in initiating sleep at bedtime, frequent or prolonged awakenings, or early-morning awakening with an inability to return to sleep.

Lavender oil as well as valerian officinalis are benefiting from a long traditional use in sleep and these products have moderate sedative effects compared to classical hypnotic compounds.

This study is proposed to assess the efficacy and the safety of this combination in subjects with slight to moderate sleep complaints.

Description

Several epidemiologic studies have clearly shown that sleep complaints are very common in the general population. It involves a predominant complaint of a nonrestorative sleep or dissatisfaction with sleep quality or duration and it is accompanied by difficulties in initiating sleep at bedtime, frequent or prolonged awakenings, or early-morning awakening with an inability to return to sleep. In a representative sample of the French population, 73% of subjects indicated the presence of a nocturnal sleep problem during the preceding month and can be considered as poor sleepers. Fifty-seven percent complained of difficulties initiating sleep 53 % complained of night awakenings, and 41 % complained of a nonrestorative sleep. Only 29% of the sample had sleep problems that would meet the diagnostic criteria for insomnia disorders defined in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 (DSM5), the classification of mental disorders of the APA as difficulty to initiate or maintain sleep at least 3 times a week and for at least 3 consecutive months. Moreover, the prevalence of poor sleepers has been massively increased in the recent epidemic context.

Poor sleep is associated with increased fatigue, psychological distress, risk of suicide, higher medical costs, increased disability, and greater limitations of activity. Poor sleepers, excluding individuals with sleep-disordered breathing, other significant medical conditions and psychiatric disorders, have a potentially serious health impact. An analysis of 28 epidemiological studies found that sleep complaints are associated with psychological complaints, emotional fluctuations, alcohol and drug abuse. Health-related quality of life is nearly always affected in subjects experiencing sleep complaints (difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep), according to the findings of the large Sleep Heart Health Study.

Poor sleepers still require a medical attention. Non-medicinal methods are particularly indicated in poor sleepers: sleep hygiene advice, relaxation, restriction of time spent in bed, and cognitive-behavioural therapies that combine these approaches. In poor sleepers, use complementary health approaches such as herbal to promote or maintain sleep must also receive the most research attention.

As single ingredients, valerian officinalis root extract has been identified as having clinical evidence to demonstrate improvement in insomnia complaints:

  • Sleep onset latency
  • Night awakenings
  • Sleep quality
  • Sleep efficiency Studies have also demonstrated that Lavandula angustifolia essential oil had a beneficial effect on anxiety and disturbed sleep.

Lavender oil as well as valerian officinalis are benefiting from a long traditional use in sleep and these products have moderate sedative effects compared to classical hypnotic compounds.

The existing published clinical trials as well as the traditional use suggest a positive effect on sleep and stress, however Valerian aqueous extract and lavender essential oil have been studied in the past for different dosages, for small simple size and standalone only.

Therefore it is difficult to fully rely on the past literature to estimate the potential effect of the combination Valerian - Lavender Essential Oil, that explain the purpose of this proof of concept study which aim to better quantify the effect of the combination on sleep complaints compared to a placebo group in the targeted population.

This study is proposed to assess the efficacy and the safety of this combination in subjects with slight to moderate sleep complaints.

Details
Condition Sleep
Treatment Placebo, Valerian - lavender
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05194618
SponsorUniversity Hospital, Bordeaux
Last Modified on23 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Adult subjects (≥ 18 years old) with sleep complaints
with a frequency of 1 or 2 times per week, OR
with a frequency ≥ 3 times per week and duration < 3 months
Sleep complaints are defined as
Difficulty initiating sleep, or
Difficulty maintaining sleep, or
Early-morning awakening with inability to return to sleep. and
Causing distress or impairment in social, occupational, educational, academic, behavioral, or other important areas of functioning. 2. Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) score comprised between 11 and 21 (slight to moderate
sleep complaints)
\. BMI inferior to 30 (included) 4. Connected to internet and having a
smartphone 5. Affiliated person or beneficiary of a social security scheme 6
Free, informed and written consent signed

Exclusion Criteria

Severe sleep complaints (ISI > 21) OR insomnia with clinical significance consequences as defined by DSM 5
Subject with other organic sleep disorders diagnosed (i.e. sleep apnea, Restless Legs Syndrome)
Subject at high risk of suspicion of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) on the STOP-BANG questionnaire (Snoring, Tiredness, Observed apnea, blood Pressure, Body mass index, Age, Neck circumference and Gender), or a suspicion of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) on the RLS screening questionnaire
Subject with a significant medical history in the previous year or still in progress (example: Cancer)
Subject with acute psychiatric disorder (mood disorders, severe anxiety disorders, psychosis, addiction interfering with nocturnal sleep). Subject with a history of mood or anxiety disorder currently stabilized could be included
Having initiated a psychotropic treatment for anxiety or mood disorders in the last 2 months or whose treatment dose has been modified for less than 2 months (antidepressant, anxiolytic and antihistamine treatments will be allowed if they are prescribed for a stabilized mood and/or anxiety disorder)
Having organic disorders inducing sleep complaints (i.e. Covid < 6 months)
Currently treated for insomnia disorders with a pharmaceutical treatment (hypnotic treatments, anxiolytic, antidepressants)
Taking food supplements aimed at improving sleep quality in the previous month
Taking food supplements in the previous month containing valerian root extract or lavender oil
Taking any pharmaceutical treatment suspected to induce sleep complaints
Shift workers and social jet lag
Having undertaken trans-meridian travel (± 3H) in the previous month and/or refusing not to undertake trans-meridian travel (± 3H) )
Known drug abuse
Alcohol consumption more than 10 standard drinks per week
Caffeine consumption more than 5 standard cups/drinks per day
Participation in a clinical trial in the previous 3 months that may interfere with the evaluation of the primary endpoint (sleep complaints) or exclusion period still on going
Eating disorders: anorexia and bulimia or unstable dietary pattern
Any food allergy documented or suspected to one of the components of the study products
Pregnancy or breast-feeding woman (contraceptive mandatory)
Subject under legal protection (guardianship, wardship) or deprived from his rights following administrative or judicial decision
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