A 24-Week Efficacy and Safety Study to Assess Budesonide and Formoterol Fumarate Metered Dose Inhaler in Adult and Adolescent Participants With Inadequately Controlled Asthma (VATHOS) (VATHOS)

  • End date
    Oct 2, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
Updated on 25 July 2022


This is a 24 week study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of budesonide and formoterol fumarate metered dose inhaler in adults and adolescents with inadequately controlled asthma.


This is a Phase III randomized, double-blind, active comparison, parallel group, multicenter study comparing BFF MDI 320/9.6 μg to BD MDI 320 µg and open-label Symbicort TBH 320/9 μg in adult and adolescent participants who have asthma which remains inadequately controlled (ACQ-7 total score ≥ 1.5) despite treatment with medium dose ICS or ICS/LABA. Budesonide and Formoterol Fumarate MDI 160/9.6 μg is included in this study to evaluate dose response by comparing to BFF MDI 320/9.6 μg. All doses represent the sum of 2 actuations. All study interventions will be administered BID for 24 weeks.

This study will be conducted at approximately 125 sites worldwide and will randomize approximately 630 adult and adolescent participants.

Condition Asthma
Treatment BFF MDI 320/9.6 μg, BFF MDI 160/9.6 μg, BD MDI 320 μg, Open-label Symbicort TBH 320/9 μg
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05202262
Last Modified on25 July 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

12 to 80 years of age, male and female, BMI <40 kg/m2; females must be not of childbearing potential or using a form of highly effective birth control
Participants who have a documented history of physician-diagnosed asthma ≥ 6 months prior to Visit 1, according to GINA guidelines [GINA 2020]. Healthcare records for 1 year prior to Visit 1 must be provided for adolescent participants (12 to < 18 years of age) to ensure consistent evaluation and follow-up of treatment in those participants
Participants who have been regularly using a stable daily ICS or an ICS/LABA regimen (including a stable ICS dose), with the ICS doses, for at least 8 weeks prior to Visit 1\
ACQ-7 total score ≥ 1.5 at Visits 1 and 4
Pre-bronchodilator/pre-dose FEV1 <90% predicted normal value at Visits 1, 2 and 3, and a pre-dose FEV1 of 50% to 90% at Visit 4 (pre-randomization)
Reversibility to albuterol, defined as a post-albuterol increase in FEV1 of ≥ 12% and ≥ 200 mL for participants ≥ 18 years of age OR a post-albuterol increase of FEV1 of ≥ 12% for participants 12 to < 18 years of age, either in the 12 months prior to Visit 1 or at Visit 2 or Visit 3
A pre-bronchodilator/pre-dose FEV1 at Visits 2, 3, and 4 that have not changed 20% or more (increase or decrease) from the pre-bronchodilator/pre-dose FEV1 recorded at the previous visit
Demonstrate acceptable MDI administration technique
eDiary compliance ≥ 70% during screening, defined as completing the daily eDiary and answering "Yes" to taking 2 puffs of run-in BD MDI for any 10 mornings and 10 evenings in the last 14 days prior to randomization

Exclusion Criteria

Life-threatening asthma as defined as a history of significant asthma episode(s) requiring intubation associated with hypercapnia, respiratory arrest, hypoxic seizures, or asthma related syncopal episode(s)
Any respiratory infection or asthma exacerbation treated with systemic corticosteroids and/or additional ICS treatment in the 8 weeks prior to Visit 1 and throughout the Screening Period
Hospitalization for asthma within 8 weeks of Visit 1
Historical or current evidence of a clinically significant disease including, but not limited to: cardiovascular, hepatic, renal, hematological, neurological, endocrine, gastrointestinal, or pulmonary (eg, active tuberculosis, bronchiectasis, pulmonary eosinophilic syndromes, and COPD). Significant is defined as any disease that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would put the safety of the participant at risk through participation, or that could affect the efficacy or safety analysis
Known history of drug or alcohol abuse within 12 months of Visit 1
Use of a nebulizer or a home nebulizer for receiving asthma medications
Current smokers, former smokers with > 10 pack-years history, or former smokers who stopped smoking < 6 months prior to Visit 1 (including all forms of tobacco, e-cigarettes or other vaping devices, and marijuana)
Study Investigators, sub-Investigators, coordinators, and their employees or immediate family members
For women only - currently pregnant (confirmed with positive highly sensitive urine pregnancy test), breast-feeding, or planned pregnancy during the study or not using acceptable contraception measures, as judged by the Investigator
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