The Effect of Gravity on the Occurrence of Lactational Mastitis

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jan 31, 2024
  • participants needed
    2000
  • sponsor
    Shengjing Hospital
Updated on 23 March 2022
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

Lactation is the instinct of almost all mammals, including human beings. With the development of human society, the function of lactation has gradually deviated from nature instinct. Breastfeeding related industries, such as milk bottles, formula and breast pumps, have formed a vast consumer market, leading to a transition from breastfeeding mothers' individual instinct to the social division of labor. Previous studies found that the incidence of lactational mastitis remains largely unchanged post World War II with some reporting an increase, suggesting the hazards of lactational mastitis still exist under the background of social division of labor. Breast milk contains ingredients that improve the immunity of newborns. By affecting mothers' breastfeeding, lactational mastitis pose a hazard for newborns, increasing the chances of developing respiratory and gastrointestinal diseases. For breastfeeding mothers, severe mastitis may develop into breast abscess due to improper treatment in the early stage. In addition to antibiotic treatment, incision, drainage and even surgery may be required. These potentially increase the risk of developing postpartum depression, type II diabetes, breast cancer and ovarian cancer. Compared with other mammals, humans and cows have a higher incidence of lactational mastitis, indicating that human intervention in breastfeeding may be the cause of the high incidence. On the other hand, as a result of walking upright, humans' hands are liberated, forming complex and diverse breastfeeding position. According to the Sakra World Hospital, these positions are classified into eight types: cradle, cross cradle, supine, football, Australian hold, inverted lateral, lateral cradle, and lateral. The pilot study demonstrated that different breastfeeding positions are closed related to the occurrence of lactational mastitis, and to the location of mastitis. Assuming that the baby's sucking factors remain the same, there must be differences in the milk drainage in different breastfeeding positions under the influence of gravity. Researchist speculate that breastfeeding women who opt to a position that cause an anti-gravitational expulsion of milk are more likely to develop lactational mastitis. Therefore, this study aims to investigate how the scientific guidance on the gravitationally assisted breastfeeding positions will reduce the occurrence of mastitis.

Description

Time of recruitment: 1 December 2021 - 30 April 2022. Two thousand women who meet the following criteria are to be recruited:(1) primparious women; (2) full-term delivery;(3) age ≤35 (4) breastfeeding within 7 days after delivery; (5) with autonomous behavior ability; (6) provide voluntary informed consent; (7) ability to breastfeed individually(8) prenatal breast ultrasound shows no breast lesions.. Exclusive criteria: (1) abnormal breast or nipple development (Poland syndrome or degree II and above inverted nipple); (2) history of breast surgery; (3) history of chest radiotherapy; (4) history of malignant tumors; (5) History of mastitis; (6) severe cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, chronic diseases (Ecog score >3, long-term medication affects breastfeeding); (7) skin diseases or connective tissue diseases; (8) Hepatitis, syphilis, gonorrhea, AIDS and other infectious diseases. Criteria of elimination after recruitment: (1) failure to follow the breastfeeding instruction; (2) painless breast mass.

Participants are to be randomly divided into the interventional group which provides guidance on gravitationally assisted breastfeeding, and into the control group which provides general breastfeeding guidance. Through the social media network WeChat, each participant receives breastfeeding guidance before their first breastfeeding, and once a month until 6 months after childbirth. Additionally, at 3 and 6 postpartum, the breasts will be examined by a breast surgeon at Shenyang Women and Infants Hospital. Infant's height and weight will be measured and recorded at 6 months. The incidence of breastfeeding mastitis and the rate of baby weight gain are compared between the groups. This clinical cohort study aims to investigate effects of scientific guidance on the gravitationally assisted breastfeeding positions on the occurrence of breast mastitis.

Details
Condition Lactation Mastitis
Treatment provides guidance on gravitationally assisted breastfeeding
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05207241
SponsorShengjing Hospital
Last Modified on23 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

primparious women
full-term delivery
age ≤35
breastfeeding within 7 days after delivery
with autonomous behavior ability
provide voluntary informed consent; • ability to breastfeed individually
prenatal breast ultrasound shows no breast lesions

Exclusion Criteria

abnormal breast or nipple development (Poland syndrome or degree II and above inverted nipple)
istory of breast surgery
history of chest radiotherapy
history of malignant tumors
history of mastitis
severe cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, chronic diseases (Ecog score >3, long-term medication affects breastfeeding)
skin diseases or connective tissue diseases
Hepatitis, syphilis, gonorrhea, AIDS and other infectious diseases
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer  to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note