Optimising Molecular Radionuclide Therapy (SELFIE)

  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    King's College London
Updated on 29 June 2022
ct scan


This project will examine the role of the whole body, PET and SPECT imaging before, during and after radionuclide treatment for 177Lu-Dotatate therapy, whole body and SPECT imaging for 131-I for thyroid cancer therapy, and whole-body imaging for 131I for hyperthyroidism therapy. Whole-body and SPECT images will be linked to personal dosimeter readings to determine whether

  • Current radiation protection advice for patients receiving radionuclide treatment is appropriate.
  • Radiopharmaceutical retention and/or SUV change in patients undergoing repeated radionuclide treatments.
  • Data combined from early (quantitative imaging) and late (whole-body dose rate measurements) could support individual treatment planning for patients undergoing repeated cycles of molecular therapy.


This cohort (retro- & prospective) study will be conducted at Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust (GSTTFT) among patients undergoing MRT. Pre and post-therapy blood tests, treatment administration, whole body and SPECT/PET imaging will be undertaken in strict accordance with existing GSTTFT approved protocols for each type of treatment. With the exception of hyperthyroid patients receiving I-131 therapy, these procedures are all part of the standard of care at GSTT. Hyperthyroid patients will be required to have one whole-body scan at 24hrs post-therapy activity administration in addition to their standard care. This will not result in additional radiation exposure.

The decision to proceed with MRT will have been agreed upon at the relevant multidisciplinary meeting in accordance with current practice guidelines. Pre and post-therapy blood tests, whole body and SPECT/PET imaging will be followed as per current GSTTFT protocols. Patients will be asked to undertake the following:

  1. Neuroendocrine tumour and thyroid cancer patients: 1-7 days treatment whole-body gamma camera and SPECT /CT scan. (Part of standard of care post-treatment monitoring at GSTTFT).

*Hyperthyroid patients: 24-hour post-treatment whole-body gamma camera scan. (Part of this research protocol, will not involve any additional radiation).

2. Record SELFIE reading for 28 days post-therapy using the sheet provided. (Part of this research protocol).

3. Complete feedback questionnaire. (Part of this research protocol). *Benign thyroid disease patients only: Reasonable travel expenses for the cost of an additional hospital visit for post-treatment scans will be reimbursed from the nuclear medicine research fund SPF228. (Maximum reimbursement 50 £)

For the purpose of this study, two dosimetry methods will be used and compared.

  1. Whole-body self-monitored retention measurements study (SELFIE study):

A handheld radiation monitor (ATOMTEX model AT6130, Belarus) will be used to follow the time course of radioactivity clearance in each patient. The measurement device (SELFIE device) will be introduced to patients by a member of the medical physics team. Patients will be shown how to operate and record readings obtained and will also receive illustrated written instructions to build confidence. The devices are user friendly and patients will be asked to record the measurements twice daily using a diary sheet, typically taking about one minute to complete on each occasion. Measurement can begin immediately following administration and will continue for 28 days afterwards.

Following MRT administration, a standard whole-body dosimetry measurement will be taken by a medical physicist at 1 and 2 meters distance. The patient will begin to take SELFIE readings at the same time under supervision so that their records can be compared with the physicists' results.

After 28 days, patients will be asked to return the diary sheet and SELFIE monitor by post to GSTTFT in a pre-paid, pre-addressed envelope.

On completion of the 28-day exercise, patients will be asked to complete and return a feedback questionnaire.

The paper record of SELFIE readings will be reviewed by investigators from each patient for 28 days post-therapy. All imaging will be performed at GSTTFT by specialist Nuclear Medicine/PET staff.

All acquired images will be reconstructed and analysed by investigators using HERMES software as described in section 13.3.

2. Imaging response assessment Planar Whole body, SPECT/CT and PET/CT images will be acquired to assess uptake patterns and, in the case of sequential treatments, uptake/retention changes. SPECT/CT, PET/CT and whole-body scans will be performed in accordance with existing protocols at Guy's and St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust. This will not result in additional radiation exposure. (Schedule illustrated in 16.1 Appendix).

The SUV of target and non-target tissues will be calculated from quantitative pre and post-therapy PET/CT and post-therapy SPECT/CT images. As a result, early tumour response and toxicity in patients undergoing molecular targeted radionuclide therapy can be studied.

Patient-led dose rate (SELFIE) data and imaging data will be integrated to compare whole-body retention and evaluate sequential dose rate changes after repeated treatments.

The quality of SELFIE data will be assessed against pre-specified standards (completeness of data collection, data deviation). Patient satisfaction will be evaluated from the feedback questionnaire.

Condition Neuroendocrine Tumors, Hyperthyroidism, Thyroid Cancer, Thyroid Carcinoma
Treatment Nuclear Medicine whole-body, SPECT/CT imaging., PET/CT imaging., Patient-led radiation monitor (SELFIE), LAB TEST, LAB TEST
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04922801
SponsorKing's College London
Last Modified on29 June 2022

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