Therapeutic Touch and Music in The Menopausal Period

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    61
  • participants needed
    108
  • sponsor
    İnonu University
Updated on 26 March 2022
replacement therapy
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

Menopause is a natural phenomenon and physiological process in middle-aged women. It is noted that women most often complain of vasomotor symptoms and sleep disorders during the menopausal period, and therefore their quality of daily life is negatively affected. Reduce symptoms and improve quality of life for menopausal women they are applying for medical approaches due to the side effects of the method compared to music, yoga, aromatherapy, therapeutic massage, physical exercise, sleep hygiene education, therapeutic touch, acupressure, acupuncture and cognitive behavioral therapy as a non pharmacological methods, it is observed that they resort to such methods. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the effect of therapeutic touch and music listening on sleep quality, menopausal symptoms and quality of life in menopausal women. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the effect of therapeutic touch and music listening on sleep quality, menopausal symptoms and quality of life in menopausal women.

Description

Menopause is a long period of life characterized by the permanent termination of the menstrual cycle due to the cessation of ovarian functions. It is the most important midlife crisis in which special physical and psychological differences occur, often associated with a decrease in estrogen levels. Although the natural age of menopause varies, it usually ranges from 40 to 58 years, and the average age of menopause is accepted as 51. When the average life expectancy of women is accepted as 80 years, women spend about a third or more of their life in the postmenopausal period.

Along with the decrease in estrogen during menopause, symptoms related to hot flashes, night sweats, palpitations, irritability and sleep disorders are common. Especially sleep disorders are higher than in the premenopausal period. It has been reported that approximately 40-60% of menopausal women have sleep-related symptoms with night awakenings as the most common complaint. In the study of Lima et al. in which they included 819 climacteric women in Brazil; Deterioration in sleep quality was detected in 67% of the sample, more prominently in postmenopausal women. The most common complaints during menopause are deterioration of sleep quality and chronic insomnia. Untreated sleep disorders and menopausal symptoms adversely affect health and especially reduce quality of life. When the literature is examined, poor sleep quality and insufficient sleep duration; hormonal changes, poor physical health, obesity, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, irritability, physical and mental burnout, and poor quality of life, such as short-term and long-term outcomes. It is stated that the symptoms seen in the menopausal period negatively affect the quality of life of women.

Although the effective treatment to be used to solve the sleep problems experienced during the menopause period, reduce the menopausal symptoms and improve the quality of life is medication or hormonal therapy, the use of non-pharmacological methods is increasing due to the potential side effects of these treatments and the harm outweighing the benefit. Some of these methods are music, yoga, aromatherapy, therapeutic massage, physical exercise, sleep hygiene education, therapeutic touch, acupressure, acupuncture and cognitive behavioral therapy methods.

Therapeutic touch, which is among the non-pharmacological methods that have started to be preferred in recent years, is the interpretation of an ancient healing experience in the modern age. It is a non-invasive nursing intervention that channels energy using the hands. There are no known side effects associated with the use of therapeutic touch. Therapeutic touch is beneficial in reducing anxiety, pain and depression, and increasing relaxation and well-being.Therefore, this calming effect of therapeutic touch also facilitates falling asleep and can improve quality of life by easing menopausal symptoms. Another widely used non-pharmacological method is recital. Perceived calming music lowers catecholamine levels, respiratory rate, heart rate, and blood pressure. Therefore, by roviding physiological and psychological relaxation, music helps individuals to sleep better, reduce menopausal symptoms, and improve quality of life. In a meta analysis study, it was determined that listening to calming music effectively improved sleep quality.

When the literature was examined, no study was found that examined the effects of therapeutic touch and music listening on sleep quality, menopausal symptoms and menopausal quality of life in menopausal women. It is thought that the findings obtained from the research will contribute to the literature. Based on all these, the aim of this study is to examine the effects of therapeutic touch and music listening on sleep quality, menopausal symptoms and quality of life in menopausal women.

Purpose Of The Study The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of therapeutic touch and music listening on sleep quality, menopausal symptoms and quality of life in menopausal women.

Research Hypotheses H10: Therapeutic touch does not affect sleep quality in menopausal women H11: Therapeutic touch affects sleep quality in menopausal women H20: Therapeutic touch does not affect menopausal symptoms in menopausal women H21: Therapeutic touch affects menopausal symptoms in menopausal women H30: Therapeutic touch does not affect quality of life in menopausal women H31: Therapeutic touch affects quality of life in menopausal women H40: Music listening does not affect sleep quality in menopausal women H41: Listening to music affects sleep quality in menopausal women H50: Listening to music does not affect menopausal symptoms in menopausal women H51: Listening to music affects menopausal symptoms in menopausal women H60: Music listening does not affect quality of life in menopausal women H61: Music listening affects quality of life in menopausal women

Details
Condition Menopause
Treatment Control group, Therapeutic touch, Music Listening Group
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05180266
Sponsorİnonu University
Last Modified on26 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

between the ages of 45-59
Not taking Hormone Replacement Therapy
No psychiatric history
Women who do not use any other CAM methods will be included in the study

Exclusion Criteria

Those who are in surgical menopause
Having auditory problems that prevent listening to music
Using any other TAT method
Women who use drugs that affect sleep (using antidepressant, antihistamine, benzodiazepan, hypnotic and narcotic drugs) will be excluded from the study
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