BESTMED: Observational Evaluation of Second Line Therapy Medications in Diabetes

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jun 30, 2024
  • participants needed
    550000
  • sponsor
    Brigham and Women's Hospital
Updated on 29 December 2021

Summary

An observational study of electronic patient data to compare diabetes medications and to determine which ones offer the best balance of risks and benefits.

Description

Type 2 diabetes is an increasingly common disease that affects more than 10 percent of adults in the United States. Multiple medications are available to treat this condition. However, many of these medications have never been directly compared against one another, which makes it unclear which medication is the best to use.

Investigators will use a large database of electronic patient data to compare diabetes medications to determine which ones offer the best balance of risks and benefits. This database will draw from several large healthcare institutions and health insurance companies that collectively pull from a patient population of over 130 million across all major regions of the United States. Investigators will study adults aged 30 or older who have type 2 diabetes and are at moderate risk of heart attacks and strokes, and who are starting a second diabetes medication (after metformin). Investigators will use clinical trial emulation, a cutting-edge statistical technique, to compare the following classes of diabetes medications: (1) DPP4 inhibitors (alogliptin, linagliptin, sitagliptin, or saxagliptin); (2) GLP1 receptor agonists (dulaglutide, exenatide, liraglutide, or semaglutide); (3) basal insulin (degludec, detemir, glargine, or NPH); (4) SGLT2 inhibitors (canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, empagliflozin, or ertugliflozin); and (5) sulfonylureas (glimepiride, glipizide, or glyburide).

To determine which diabetes medications provide the greatest benefit to patients, investigators will compare how much they reduce the risks of the following \conditions: (1) heart attack; (2) heart failure; (3) stroke; (4) kidney disease; (5) eye disease; and (6) liver disease. To allow patients with diabetes and their doctors to make fully informed decisions about which diabetes medication to take, investigators will also compare these medications' risks of the following possible side effects: (1) low blood sugar; (2) kidney infection; (3) severe skin infections in the genital area; (4) foot/leg amputations; (5) broken bones; (6) pancreatitis (i.e., severe inflammation of the pancreas); (7) pancreatic cancer; (8) thyroid cancer; and (9) death from causes other than heart attacks or strokes.

In order to minimize the risk of bias and confounding, the analysis will be conducted using causal inference techniques, by emulating a randomized clinical trial (including both intention-to-treat and per-protocol analyses), while incorporating rigorous data quality checks.

Details
Condition Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Treatment Basal Insulin, SU, GLP-1 receptor agonist, DPP4, SLGT2
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05161429
SponsorBrigham and Women's Hospital
Last Modified on29 December 2021

Eligibility

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

0/250

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note