Outcome of Endovascular Therapies in Chronic Femoropopliteal Occlusive Disease With Severe Calcification

  • End date
    Dec 31, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University
Updated on 14 December 2021


This study is a prospective, multicenter, real world, observational study, which aims at evaluating the safety, efficacy and economic cost of endovascular treatments for endovascular therapies in chronic femoropopliteal occlusive disease with severe calcification. It is estimated that 400 subjects diagnosed with chronic femoropopliteal occlusive disease with severe calcification and receive endovascular treatments will be enrolled in eight centers nationwide from January 2021 to December 2022. All the subjects will be under follow-up for two years. There is no restriction on the endovascular techniques. The primary outcomes include the technical success rate of each endovascular techniques and the reintervention rate driven by lesions' clinical symptoms.


Arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO) is a common disease in middle-aged and elderly people, which affects up to 30% people who are over 70 years in the general population. Its symptoms include claudication, rest pain and ischemic tissue loss depending on its severity. Nowadays, endovascular treatments have become the first-line therapy. If ASO is combined with severe calcification, the treatment will be much more challenging. The efficacy of plain old balloon angioplasty is limited. New devices including drug-coated balloon, intravascular Lithotripsy, directional atherectomy, Supera stent and drug-eluting stent offer another chance and better prognosis. The data of these new devices, however, are mainly from low quality evidence. Therefore, we start this prospective, multicenter, real world, observational study, providing new data on the safety, efficacy and health economics evaluation of endovascular treatments for endovascular therapies in chronic femoropopliteal occlusive disease with severe calcification.

Condition Femoropopliteal Artery Occlusion
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT04716361
SponsorFirst Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University
Last Modified on14 December 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Rutherford stages 2-6
The target vessel (femoral and/or popliteal artery) has at least ≥90% stenosis or occlusion with the moderate to severe calcification (defined as >5 cm continuous calcification)
For patients with both lower limbs to be treated, the side with severer calcification is selected. If the calcification is similar in the two sides, the first one to be treated is selected
At least one outflow artery (which is patent in > 1/3 length) in the calf connects the popliteal artery
Patients who failed the first treatment because the guide wire could not pass through the lesion can still be selected if the second endovascular treatment succeeds
There is no restriction on the types of endovascular techniques and devices

Exclusion Criteria

Exclusion Criteria
Life expectation less than one year
There is several infection and/or major tissue loss in the leg. Even if after revascularization, patient still need amputation
The quality of patients' life cannot be assessed by vascular quality of life questionnaire due to difficulties in communication
Chronic femoropopliteal occlusive disease without calcification
Patients with acute arterial thrombosis
Limbs that have been treated with the femoral and popliteal artery bypass surgery
Pregnant women
Allergic to contrast medium
Participating in other drug or device studies currently
Systematic infection and/or coagulation disorders 14 days before the enrollment
Patients have severe systematic disease that cannot be controlled currently such as severe heart, lung disease, live function disorder, end stage cancer, etc
Stroke, myocardial infarction, bleeding in the past 6 month
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