Lung Transplant READY Pilot Study

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    4
  • participants needed
    50
  • sponsor
    University of Washington
Updated on 4 October 2022
fibrosis
forced expiratory volume
lung transplant

Summary

Lung transplant is an option for treating end-stage lung disease in cystic fibrosis (CF). More than half of people with CF who die without a lung transplant were never referred for consideration. Patient preference not to undergo lung transplant may account for 25-40% of decisions to defer referral. Increasing awareness of lung transplant among people with CF, and promoting understanding of the risks and benefits of transplant, can potentially reduce the number of people with CF who die without a lung transplant.

The CF Foundation (CFF) lung transplant referral guidelines were developed to optimize the timing of referral for lung transplant. These guidelines recommend annual conversations with CF patients once their forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) is <50% predicted. Considering lung transplant as a treatment option ahead of when it is medically needed will allow more time to learn about lung transplant and address any barriers to lung transplant that may exist.

Investigators are interested in understanding how people with CF use lung transplant educational resources and how one prepares for having discussions and/or making decisions about lung transplant as a treatment option for advanced CF. The purpose of this study is to test whether a research website improves patient preparedness for discussions about lung transplant.

Study involvement will span 4 weeks and study procedures will involve the following:

  • Three Zoom interview sessions (30-60 minutes each)
  • Survey assessments
  • Access to a research website that contains educational resources about lung transplant (goal of 4 hours of use over the 4 week study period)

Description

Lung transplant is an option for treating end-stage lung disease in cystic fibrosis (CF). In the United States, more CF patients with forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) less than 30% of predicted die each year than undergo lung transplant. More than half of people with CF who die without lung transplant were never referred for consideration, with patients of lower socioeconomic status disproportionately impacted by limited access to lung transplant. Patient preference not to undergo lung transplant may account for 25-40% of decisions to defer referral. The CF Foundation established lung transplant referral guidelines that recommend individuals with CF have annual conversations about lung transplant with their CF doctor once their FEV1 is less than 50% of predicted. Considering lung transplant as a treatment option ahead of when it is medically needed will allow more time to learn about lung transplant and address any barriers to lung transplant that may exist. By introducing an educational resource that can increase awareness of lung transplant among patients, and promote understanding of the risks and benefits of lung transplant, investigators aim to empower people with CF to take part in shared decision-making with their CF providers which could reduce the number of people with CF who die without lung transplant.

Based on prior research, investigators have developed a novel lung transplant decision support tool that addresses patient-identified knowledge gaps and provides personalized educational content to help people with CF prepare for lung transplant discussions and decisions. The decision support tool couples real-life CF patient experiences of lung transplant in the form of personal narratives with up-to-date, CF-specific, and guideline-based medical information about lung transplant.

The overall research objectives for this pilot study are to test the efficacy of the decision support tool to improve patient preparedness for shared decision making about lung transplant and knowledge about lung transplant, and to evaluate the impact on mental health outcomes (depression and anxiety). The new website will be compared against an attention control website (UNOS.org) to better understand how people with CF use and rank different educational resources' utility. The central hypothesis is that use of the new decision support tool that incorporates disease severity data (FEV1 % predicted, supplemental oxygen use, exacerbations) to identify relevant personal narratives and guideline-based educational content will increase a patient's preparedness to engage in discussions about lung transplant beyond the standard information presented on UNOS.org.

The pilot study will be a randomized controlled trial. Participants will be randomized 1:1 to one of two educational resources, described above, stratified by FEV1 category (FEV1 30-50% or FEV1 <30% of predicted). Baseline surveys will evaluate knowledge about lung transplant, a Likert scale rating of preparedness for lung transplant discussions, decisional conflict about lung transplant, and mental health. Baseline interviews will address perspectives on lung transplant as a treatment option for CF and the role of newer CF therapies in the decision making process about lung transplant. For two weeks, participants will have access to one of two educational resources via a login to a secure research website. At 2 weeks, there will be a study visit that includes repeated surveys from baseline and the Preparedness for Shared Decision Making (PrepDM) Scale, along with a second brief interview. After the 2-week study visit, participants will have access to both educational resources via individual login to the secure research website. At 4 weeks, there will be a study visit to repeat the surveys and interview. Throughout the 4 weeks, web analytics will be captured at the individual level to determine usage patterns for both educational resources.

Details
Condition Cystic Fibrosis
Treatment Investigator-designed lung transplant education resource (Research Intervention), Publicly available transplant education resource (Attention Control)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05135156
SponsorUniversity of Washington
Last Modified on4 October 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Diagnosis of cystic fibrosis
FEV1 less than or equal to 50% predicted (unless referred per MD recommendation)

Exclusion Criteria

Patients unable to provide informed consent
Patients who are lung transplant recipients
Unable to read or understand English to complete surveys or access the websites (currently only available in English)
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer  to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note