Atherosclerosis in Chemotherapy-related Cardiotoxicity

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 15, 2023
  • participants needed
    80
  • sponsor
    Maria Sklodowska-Curie National Research Institute of Oncology
Updated on 28 November 2021
diabetes
cancer
stroke
infarction
heart failure
myocardial infarction
hmg-coa reductase inhibitor

Summary

Cardiological complications of oncological treatment, including the most serious of them cardiotoxicity and heart failure, constitute a significant and still unsolved clinical problem. A history of hypercholesterolaemia and coronary artery disease in cancer patients, is one of the risk factors for cardiotoxicity. In recent years, a protective effect of statin treatment on the development of heart failure in cancer patients has been observed. ANTEC (Atherosclerosis iN chemoTherapy-rElated Cardiotoxicity) is a prospective observational study aimed at assessing the impact of the advancement of atherosclerotic lesions in the coronary arteries assessed in computed tomography on the development of left ventricular systolic dysfunction in cancer patients at high risk of myocardial damage. A group of 80 patients diagnosed with cancer before starting high-dose anthracycline chemotherapy (doxorubicin 240 mg / m2 or epirubicin 540 mg / m2 body weight), without a history of heart failure and coronary artery disease, will be included in the study. The total follow-up of patients was planned for 12 months. The primary endpoint is time to onset of left ventricular systolic dysfunction as assessed by echocardiography. The secondary composite endpoints include all-cause death, cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and stroke. Additionally, the assessment will include: the severity of atherosclerotic changes in the coronary arteries and the calcification index in computed tomography, the percentage decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction, GLS (global longitudinal strain) and MWI (myocardial work index) in echocardiography, and changes in the concentration of biomarkers involved in inflammatory and atherosclerotic processes. This is the first study of this type, which we hope will contribute to a better understanding of the pathophysiology of cardiotoxicity development and to changing the standards of management of oncological patients and improving survival in this group of patients.

Description

Cardiological complications of oncological treatment, including the most serious: cardiotoxicity and heart failure, remains the most dangerous cardiological complication of oncological treatment and are still unsolved clinical problem. The fear of the toxic effects of anti-cancer drugs may lead to the modification or abandonment of oncological treatment, and consequently shorten the survival time of cancer patients.

A history of hypercholesterolaemia and coronary artery disease in cancer patients, is one of the risk factors for cardiotoxicity. In recent years, a protective effect of statin treatment on the development of heart failure in cancer patients has been observed. ANTEC (Atherosclerosis iN chemoTherapy-rElated Cardiotoxicity) is a prospective observational study aimed at assessing the impact of the advancement of atherosclerotic lesions in the coronary arteries assessed in computed tomography on the development of left ventricular systolic dysfunction in cancer patients at high risk of myocardial damage. A group of 80 patients diagnosed with cancer before starting high-dose anthracycline chemotherapy (doxorubicin 240 mg / m2 or epirubicin 540 mg / m2 body weight), without a history of heart failure and coronary artery disease, will be included in the study. The total follow-up of patients was planned for 12 months. The primary endpoint is time to onset of left ventricular systolic dysfunction as assessed by echocardiography. The secondary composite endpoints include all-cause death, cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and stroke. Additionally, the assessment will include: the severity of atherosclerotic changes in the coronary arteries and the calcification index in computed tomography, the percentage decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction, GLS (global longitudinal strain) and MWI (myocardial work index) in echocardiography, and changes in the concentration of biomarkers involved in inflammatory and atherosclerotic processes. This is the first study of this type, which we hope will contribute to a better understanding of the pathophysiology of cardiotoxicity development and to changing the standards of management of oncological patients and improving survival in this group of patients.

Details
Condition Arteriosclerosis, Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease, Atherosclerosis, Cardiac Toxicity, Cardiotoxicity
Treatment echocardiography, computed tomography
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05118178
SponsorMaria Sklodowska-Curie National Research Institute of Oncology
Last Modified on28 November 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status from 0 to 2
Age 18 years at the time of signing the informed consent
Known neoplastic disease prior to the initiation of chemotherapy with a high dose of anthracyclines (doxorubicin 240 mg / m2 b.w. or epirubicin 540 mg / m2 b.w.)
No history of heart failure (left ventricular ejection fraction 50% as assessed by echocardiography)
Missing history of: coronary artery disease, stroke and lower limb atherosclerosis
Presence of at least two of the above-mentioned risk factors for the development of atherosclerosis (hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, obesity (BMI30), smoking)

Exclusion Criteria

History of heart failure
Left ventricle systolic dysfunction with LVEF <50%
Significant valve defect
Previous chemotherapy or radiation to the chest
Presence of any disease with a life expectancy <1 year in the opinion of the investigator
Drug or alcohol abuse
Lack of possibility or contraindications for coronary tomography before starting chemotherapy
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

0/250

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note