Effectiveness of Mirror Therapy in Patients With Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Oct 30, 2022
  • participants needed
    40
  • sponsor
    University of Valencia
Updated on 23 March 2022
neuropathy
paresthesia
numbness
entrapment neuropathies
hand surgery
nerve compression
tingling sensation

Summary

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most prevalent entrapment neuropathy. CTS presents with motor and sensory disturbances, including pain, paresthesia, and numbness in the fingers and hand. In addition, since complex movements and tactile sensation of the hand are essential to perform everyday tasks, STC has a great impact on the activities of daily living.

Previuos studies have shown that CTS is not merely a local compression of the median nerve, since associated peripheral and central sensitization phenomena have been verified. In this sense, the decrease in the use of a body segment as a form of protective response to pain, favors the reduction of cortical thickness, affecting the primary motor and somatosensory area. In this way, in patients with CTS it has been described that the modification of the sensory input ends up having an impact on the level of the central nervous system producing different brain plastic changes.

There are non-surgical treatments that can be effective in people who experience mild or moderate symptoms derived from CTS. Among them, flexor tendon and median nerve sliding exercises may offer an improvement in pain severity and symptoms, strength, wrist joint range, functionality, and quality of life for people with CTS. However, there are few studies on the effectiveness of treatments focused on the mechanisms of neuroplasticity through techniques aimed at rehabilitating different deficits.

Mirror therapy (MT), which involves the activation of mirror neurons and contributes to the cortical representation of movement, has been shown to be beneficial in musculoskeletal injuries that occur with pain and reduced functionality of a body segment. Furthermore, it has been shown to be effective in motor recovery of the upper limb in patients with acute stroke, the restoration of joint range and hand function in patients with orthopedic hand injuries, and in the improvement of pain in patients with complex regional pain syndrome type 1.

Similarly, in CTS, the application of MT decreases pain at rest during the night, and improves sensitivity and function in patients undergoing CTS hand surgery. However, its effect has not been studied in patients with CTS in mild or moderate stages where surgical treatment is not urgent or indicated.

Thus, the objective of this study will analyze the effectiveness of MT in combination with conventional exercises compared to conventional exercises on aspects related to symptoms of median nerve compression, pain, joint range, tension strength and motor functionality of the hand in patients with CTS.

Description

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most prevalent entrapment neuropathy. CTS presents with motor and sensory disturbances, including pain, paresthesia, and numbness in the fingers and hand. In addition, since complex movements and tactile sensation of the hand are essential to perform everyday tasks, STC has a great impact on the activities of daily living.

Previuos studies have shown that CTS is not merely a local compression of the median nerve, since associated peripheral and central sensitization phenomena have been verified. In this sense, the decrease in the use of a body segment as a form of protective response to pain, favors the reduction of cortical thickness, affecting the primary motor and somatosensory area. In this way, in patients with CTS it has been described that the modification of the sensory input ends up having an impact on the level of the central nervous system producing different brain plastic changes.

There are non-surgical treatments that can be effective in people who experience mild or moderate symptoms derived from CTS. Among them, flexor tendon and median nerve sliding exercises may offer an improvement in pain severity and symptoms, strength, wrist joint range, functionality, and quality of life for people with CTS. However, there are few studies on the effectiveness of treatments focused on the mechanisms of neuroplasticity through techniques aimed at rehabilitating different deficits.

Mirror therapy (MT), which involves the activation of mirror neurons and contributes to the cortical representation of movement, has been shown to be beneficial in musculoskeletal injuries that occur with pain and reduced functionality of a body segment. Furthermore, it has been shown to be effective in motor recovery of the upper limb in patients with acute stroke, the restoration of joint range and hand function in patients with orthopedic hand injuries, and in the improvement of pain in patients with complex regional pain syndrome type 1.

Similarly, in CTS, the application of MT decreases pain at rest during the night, and improves sensitivity and function in patients undergoing CTS hand surgery. However, its effect has not been studied in patients with CTS in mild or moderate stages where surgical treatment is not urgent or indicated.

Thus, the objective of this study will analyze the effectiveness of MT in combination with conventional exercises compared to conventional exercises on aspects related to symptoms of median nerve compression, pain, joint range, tension strength and motor functionality of the hand in patients with CTS.

Therefore, this study is a randomized clinical trial in which two groups of twenty people in each group will participate, with different interventions:

  • Mirror therapy group.
  • Cross-education group (without mirror). Participants will receive six-week intervention, 2 supervised sessions per week and 3 unsupervised sessions per week.

Participants will be evaluated in three moments, at baseline, postintervention and one-month-follow-up.

Data analysis will be performed with SPSS statistic program (v26). Normality and homoscedasticity will be analyzed by Shapiro-Wilk t-test and Levene test, respectively. For comparation between groups Bonferroni will be used. If any confusion factor that not meet requirements to be analysed like a covariable exist, ANCOVA will be used. When p<0.0.5 statistical significant differences will be assumed.

Details
Condition Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Treatment Mirror Therapy, Placebo Treatment, Cross-education treatment
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05115396
SponsorUniversity of Valencia
Last Modified on23 March 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Being over 18 years of age
Being diagnosed with CTS
Unilateral CTS

Exclusion Criteria

trauma or surgery on the upper limb within the last two years
diagnosis of severe CTS
pregnancy
atrophy of the tenar muscles
local corticosteroid injection or physiotherapy for CTS within the last 3 months
peripheral nerve damage
entrapment neuropathy at the most proximal levels of the upper limb
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