Multicenter Study of Blood Biomarkers of Mitochondrial and Peroxisomal Metabolism to Differentiate Idiopathic Parkinson's Disease From Related Conditions (BiomarPark)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Apr 15, 2023
  • participants needed
    75
  • sponsor
    Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Dijon
Updated on 25 January 2022
parkinsonism

Summary

With the aging of the population due to an increase in longevity, the number of people with Parkinson's disease is increasing (166,712 in France, as of December 31, 2015) and the number of patients with motor or cognitive-behavioral disorders is already a major public health challenge (1). In neurodegenerative diseases, the current strategy is to identify the disease early and, if possible, to consider therapeutic measures to slow down the progression of the disease.

Classically, when faced with the early stages of Parkinsonism, the investigators differentiate idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) from atypical Parkinsonian syndromes (AP), which include multiple system atrophy (MSA), corticobasal degeneration (CBD), and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), for which the prognoses are more severe and the therapies less effective. In the early stage of the disease, when the symptoms are not do no yet differentiate the diseases, the differential diagnosis between IPD and PSP is a real challenge for clinicians (2). Cerebral MRI can help in the diagnosis but is most often only an indicator, as it may be normal in the early stages of the disease (2). The recent emergence of targeted therapies, specific to tauopathies or synucleinopathies, makes it essential to establish a diagnosis as early as possible in order to curb the evolution of the disease (3).

The investigators propose here a first study on the analysis of biomarkers of neurodegeneration from lipid metabolism allowing to discriminate IPD and AP from peripheral blood. Two recent studies have provided evidence of the discriminatory character of neurofilament blood testing in the early phases of parkinsonism (4,5). On the other hand, to our knowledge, none of them has studied markers from mitochondrial and peroxisomal metabolism, which could play a key role in the pathophysiology of these diseases (6,7,8,9,10).

Our strategy will therefore be to study idiopathic or atypical Parkinsonism subjects with a clearly established diagnosis in a cross-sectional manner, and to identify one or more blood markers of neurodegeneration predictive of IPD or AP, hypothesizing that these markers will be at significantly different levels between the two groups (descriptive analysis). The markers studied will include markers of neurodegeneration, markers of mitochondrial function, peroxisomal function and oxidative stress. The investigators will then study the correlations between these biomarkers and motor scores of disease severity.

Details
Condition Idiopathic Parkinson Disease, Parkinsonian Syndrome
Treatment Blood Collection
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT05110547
SponsorCentre Hospitalier Universitaire Dijon
Last Modified on25 January 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

For all patients
Person who was informed of the study and who did not object to inclusion
Age 18 years
Patient affiliated to national health insurance
Onset of symptoms strictly more than 2 years and less than 7 years ago
Inclusion in the "NS-park" national database
Patient with a recent brain MRI to exclude patients with secondary parkinsonism (vascular parkinson,hydrocephalus at normal pressure)
For patients in the "idiopathic Parkinson's disease group
Idiopathic Parkinson's disease that is "possible," "probable," or "definite" according to UKPDSBB (UK Parkinson's Disease Society Brain Bank, Hughes et al. 1992) criteria
For patients in the "atypical parkinsonian syndrome" group
Subjects with a "possible" or "probable" diagnosis of MSA according to the diagnostic criteria of Gilman et al, 2008
Or Subjects with a "possible" or "probable" diagnosis of AP according to the diagnostic criteria of Hoglinger et al, 2017
Or Subjects with a "possible" or "probable" diagnosis of CBD according to the diagnostic criteria of Armstrong et al, 2013

Exclusion Criteria

For all patients
Disability making it impossible for him/her to participate in the trial due to lack of understanding of the information provided to him/her
Patient under guardianship, curatorship or a measure of judicial protection
Patients with any other neurological disease that could bias the results of our study: stroke, brain tumor, other neurodegenerative disease of the nervous system
Patients with secondary Parkinsonism (iatrogenic, toxic, inflammatory, post-traumatic)
Patients with dyslipidemia receiving lipid-lowering treatment (statins, fibrates, inhibitors of intestinal cholesterol absorption)
Patients with a progressive systemic disease that affects cholesterol metabolism, peroxisomal or mitochondrial function. (Examples: familial hypercholesterolemia, mitochondriopathy, peroxisome biogenesis disorders, etc.)
Patient with a chronic disability making it impossible to collect clinical and cognitive data
Pregnant or breastfeeding women
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